Distribution but not amount of protein intake is associated with frailty: a cross-sectional investigation in the region of Nurnberg

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Bollwein J, Diekmann R, Kaiser M, Bauer JM, Uter W, Sieber C, Volkert D
Zeitschrift: Nutrition Journal
Verlag: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2013
Band: 12
ISSN: 1475-2891


Abstract

Background: To preserve muscle mass and therefore limit the risk of disability in older adults protein intake is seen as important factor. Besides the amount of protein, its distribution over the day is thought to affect protein anabolism. This cross-sectional study investigates the association between the amount and distribution of protein intake and frailty in older adults.Methods: In 194 community-dwelling seniors (>= 75 years) amount of protein intake and its distribution over the day (morning, noon, evening) were assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Unevenness of protein distribution was calculated as coefficient of variation (CV). Frailty was defined as the presence of at least three, pre-frailty as the presence of one or two of the following criteria: weight loss, exhaustion, low physical activity, low handgrip strength and slow walking speed.Results: 15.4% of the participants were frail, 40.5% were pre-frail. Median (min.-max.) daily protein intake was 77.5 (38.5-131.5) g, 1.07 (0.58-2.27) g/kg body weight (BW) and 15.9 (11.2-21.8) % of energy intake without significant differences between the frailty groups. The risk of frailty did not differ significantly between participants in the higher compared to the lowest quartile of protein intake. Frail participants consumed significantly less protein in the morning (11.9 vs. 14.9 vs. 17.4%, p = 0,007), but more at noon (61.4 vs. 60.8 vs. 55.3%, p = 0.024) than pre-frail and non-frail. The median (min.-max.) CV of protein distribution was highest in frail (0.76 (0.18-1.33)) compared to pre-frail (0.74 (0.07-1.29)) and non-frail (0.68 (0.15-1.24)) subjects (p = 0.024).Conclusions: In this sample of healthy older persons, amount of protein intake was not associated with frailty, but distribution of protein intake was significantly different between frail, pre-frail and non-frail participants. More clinical studies are needed to further clarify the relation between protein intake and frailty.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Bollwein, Julia
Professur für Klinische Ernährung im Alter
Diekmann, Rebecca
Volkert, Dorothee Prof. Dr. rer. nat.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)
Professur für Klinische Ernährung im Alter
Kaiser, Matthias
Medizinische Fakultät
Sieber, Cornel Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)
Uter, Wolfgang Prof. Dr.
Professur für Epidemiologie


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Evangelisches Krankenhaus Oldenburg


Zitierweisen

APA:
Bollwein, J., Diekmann, R., Kaiser, M., Bauer, J.M., Uter, W., Sieber, C., & Volkert, D. (2013). Distribution but not amount of protein intake is associated with frailty: a cross-sectional investigation in the region of Nurnberg. Nutrition Journal, 12. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-12-109

MLA:
Bollwein, Julia, et al. "Distribution but not amount of protein intake is associated with frailty: a cross-sectional investigation in the region of Nurnberg." Nutrition Journal 12 (2013).

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-08-11 um 02:08