Nutritional and functional status in geriatric day hospital patients-MNA short form versus full MNA

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Schrader E, Grosch E, Bertsch T, Sieber C, Volkert D
Zeitschrift: The journal of nutrition, health & aging
Verlag: SPRINGER FRANCE
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2016
Band: 20
Heftnummer: 9
Seitenbereich: 918-926
ISSN: 1279-7707
eISSN: 1760-4788


Abstract

The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients of a geriatric day hospital using the Mini Nutritional Assessment short form (MNA-SF) and the full MNA, to compare both tools, and to examine the relationship between nutritional and functional status.Cross-sectional study.Geriatric day hospital.190 patients (72.1% female, median 80 years) aged 65 years or older.In consecutively admitted geriatric day hospital patients nutritional status was assessed by MNA-SF and full MNA, and agreement between both tools calculated by Cohen's kappa. Basic activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and short physical performance battery (SPPB) were determined and related to MNA categories (Chi(2)-test, Mann-Whitney-U-test).36.3 % and 44.7% of the patients were at risk of malnutrition, 8.9 % and 5.8 % were malnourished according to MNA-SF and full MNA, respectively. Agreement between both MNA forms was moderate (?=0.531). No significant associations between MNA-SF and ADL, IADL and SPPB, and between full MNA and SPPB were observed. According to full MNA, the proportion of patients with limitations in ADL and IADL significantly increased with declining nutritional status (ADL: 2.1 vs. 8.2 vs. 18.2 %, p=0.044; IADL: 25.5 vs. 47.1 vs. 54.5 %, p=0.005) with a simultaneous decrease of the proportion of patients without limitations. Well-nourished patients reached significantly higher ADL scores than patients at risk of malnutrition (95 (-100) vs. 95 (85- 100), p=0.005) and significantly higher IADL scores than patients at risk or malnourished (8 (6-8) vs. 7 (5-8) vs. 6 (4-8), p=0.004).The high prevalence of risk of malnutrition and the observed association between functional status and nutritional status according to full MNA call for routine nutritional screening using this tool in geriatric day hospital patients.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Grosch, Ella Dr. med.
Hautklinik
Schrader, Eva Dr.
Professur für Klinische Ernährung im Alter
Sieber, Cornel Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)
Volkert, Dorothee Prof. Dr. rer. nat.
Professur für Klinische Ernährung im Alter


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität


Zitierweisen

APA:
Schrader, E., Grosch, E., Bertsch, T., Sieber, C., & Volkert, D. (2016). Nutritional and functional status in geriatric day hospital patients-MNA short form versus full MNA. The journal of nutrition, health & aging, 20(9), 918-926. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12603-016-0691-4

MLA:
Schrader, Eva, et al. "Nutritional and functional status in geriatric day hospital patients-MNA short form versus full MNA." The journal of nutrition, health & aging 20.9 (2016): 918-926.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-06-10 um 20:08