Sensitive phase gratings for x-ray phase contrast - a simulation-based comparison

Beitrag bei einer Tagung
(Konferenzbeitrag)


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Preusche O
Herausgeber: IEEE
Verlag: IEEEXplore digital library
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2016
Seitenbereich: 1-4
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract

Medical differential phase contrast x-ray imaging (DPCI) promises improved soft-tissue contrast at lower x-ray dose. The dose strongly depends on both the angular sensitivity and on the visibility of a grating-based Talbot-Lau interferometer. Using a conventional x-ray tube, a high sensitivity and a high visibility are somewhat contradicting goals: To increase sensitivity, the grating period has to be reduced and/or the grating distance increased. Technically, this means using a higher Talbot order (3rd or 5th one instead of first one). This however reduces the visibility somewhat, because only a smaller part of the tube spectrum will get used. This work proposes to relax this problem by changing the phase grating geometry. This allows to double sensitivity (i.e., double the Talbot order) without reducing the visibility. One proposed grating geometry is an older binary one (75% of a period π-shifting), but applied in a novel way. The second proposed geometry is a novel one, requiring three height levels for polychromatic correction. The advantage is quantified by a simulation of the resulting interference patterns. Visibilities for the common π-shifting gratings are compared with the proposed alternative geometries. This is done depending on photon energy and opening ratio of the coherence grating G0. It shows that despite of doubled sensitivity of the proposed gratings, the overall visibility might even improve a little.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Preusche, Oliver
Professur für Informatik (Numerische Simulation mit Höchstleistungsrechnern)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Preusche, O. (2016). Sensitive phase gratings for x-ray phase contrast - a simulation-based comparison. In IEEE (Eds.), (pp. 1-4). Seattle, US: IEEEXplore digital library.

MLA:
Preusche, Oliver. "Sensitive phase gratings for x-ray phase contrast - a simulation-based comparison." Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC), Seattle Ed. IEEE, IEEEXplore digital library, 2016. 1-4.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-22-10 um 13:00