The Effects of a Normal Rate versus a Slow Intervalled Rate of Oral Nutrient Intake and Intravenous Low Rate Macronutrient Application on Psychophysical Function - Two Pilot Studies

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Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Denzer-Lippmann M, Bachlechner S, Wielopolski J, Fischer M, Büttner A, Dörfler A, Schöfl C, Muench G, Kornhuber J, Thürauf N
Zeitschrift: Frontiers in psychology
Verlag: FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2017
Band: 8
ISSN: 1664-1078


Abstract

Stomach distension and energy per time are factors influencing satiety. Moreover, different rates of nutrient intake induce different stomach distension. The goal of our studies was to elucidate the influence of different oral rates of nutrient intake (normal rate versus slow intervalled rate; study I) and intravenous low rate macronutrient application (protein, carbohydrate, fat) or placebo (study II) on psychophysical function. The pilot studies investigated the effects of 1) study I: a mixed nutrient solution (1/3 protein, 1/3 fat, 1/3 carbohydrates) 2) study II: intravenous macronutrient infusions (protein, carbohydrate, fat) or placebo on psychophysical function (mood, hunger, food craving, alertness, smell intensity ratings and hedonic ratings) in human subjects. In study I 10 male subjects (age range: 21-30 years) completed the study protocol participating in both test conditions and in study II 20 male subjects (age range: 19-41 years) completed the study protocol participating in all test conditions. Additionally, metabolic function was analyzed and cognitive and olfactory tests were conducted twice starting 100 min before the beginning of the intervention and 240 min after. Psychophysical (mood, hunger, fat-, protein-, carbohydrate-, sweets- and vegetable-craving), alertness and metabolic function tests were performed seven times on each examination day. Greater effects on hunger and food cravings were observed for normal rate of intake compared to slow intervalled rate of intake and intravenous low rate macronutrient application. Our findings potentially confirm that volume of the food ingested and a higher rate of energy per time contribute to satiety during normal rate of food intake, while slow intervalled rate of food intake and intravenous low rate macronutrient application showed no effects on satiation. Our results motivate the view that a certain amount of volume of the food ingested and a certain energy per time ratio are necessary to reduce hunger and food craving.


FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Büttner, Andrea Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Aroma- und Geruchsforschung
Denzer-Lippmann, Melanie
Lehrstuhl für Aroma- und Geruchsforschung
Dörfler, Arnd Prof. Dr.
Neuroradiologische Abteilung im Radiologischen Institut
Kornhuber, Johannes Prof. Dr. med.
Lehrstuhl für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Schöfl, Christof Prof. Dr.
Professur für Endokrinologie
Thürauf, Norbert Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Wielopolski, Jan
Medizinische Fakultät


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
University of Western Sydney


Zitierweisen

APA:
Denzer-Lippmann, M., Bachlechner, S., Wielopolski, J., Fischer, M., Büttner, A., Dörfler, A.,... Thürauf, N. (2017). The Effects of a Normal Rate versus a Slow Intervalled Rate of Oral Nutrient Intake and Intravenous Low Rate Macronutrient Application on Psychophysical Function - Two Pilot Studies. Frontiers in psychology, 8. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01031

MLA:
Denzer-Lippmann, Melanie, et al. "The Effects of a Normal Rate versus a Slow Intervalled Rate of Oral Nutrient Intake and Intravenous Low Rate Macronutrient Application on Psychophysical Function - Two Pilot Studies." Frontiers in psychology 8 (2017).

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-11-10 um 09:23