The effects of spatial scale and isoscape on consumer isotopic niche width

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Reddin CJ, Bothwell J, O'Connor N, Harrod C
Journal: Functional Ecology
Publisher: WILEY
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 32
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 904-915
ISSN: 0269-8463


Abstract

1. The mean and variance of ecological variables are dependent on sampling attributes such as the coverage of environmental heterogeneity (sampling extent) and spatial scale. Trophic niche width is often approximated by bulk tissue stable isotopes of C and N, that is, the population isotopic niche. However, recent studies suggest that environmental heterogeneity (experienced by individuals) may be more important in defining the isotopic niche width than trophic variability. We hypothesised that isotopic niche width will increase monotonically with spatial scale, largely produced by environmental variation, for example, nutrient source.2. To refine this hypothesis, by describing the shapes of isotope scaling curves, we explored a previously published dataset describing three Chilean intertidal species representing different feeding guilds (grazing snails, suspension-feeding mussel). We tested these hypotheses on a new, larger dataset describing three functionally analogous intertidal species from Northern Ireland. We generated isotopic variance-area curves from a spatially explicit bootstrap and investigated the scale dependency of environment-isotope relationships, including wave exposure and sub-habitat heterogeneity.3. Spatial scale explained 50% of the variance in population isotopic niche widths (bivariate C-N ellipse area) by simple, nonlinear relationships. Finer scales (< 1-10 km lag) accounted for most variance. Scale dependence was strong for delta N-15 variance, of which > 40% was explained by modelling linear coefficients. A delta N-15 baseline gradient, or isoscape, dominated delta N-15 variance scaling patterns, from sheltered, terrestrially influenced embayments to exposed, pelagic-dominated coastline. Consumer delta C-13 variance had a weaker scale dependence, plateauing at mesoscales (> 20 km lag).4. We show that isotopic niche width is strongly dependent on sampling spatial extent, which controls the environmental heterogeneity experienced by individual consumers. Environmental heterogeneity must be accounted for before isotopic niche width can be considered to accurately represent trophic niche width. Studies conducted at different spatial scales are likely to identify different environmentisotope relationships.5. We recommend that spatial scale should be incorporated into sampling designs explicitly, easiest by maintaining a consistent lag distance or area within which populations are sampled. Identified isoscapes can be de-trended, where necessary.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Reddin, Carl James
Lehrstuhl für Paläoumwelt


How to cite

APA:
Reddin, C.J., Bothwell, J., O'Connor, N., & Harrod, C. (2018). The effects of spatial scale and isoscape on consumer isotopic niche width. Functional Ecology, 32(4), 904-915. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13026

MLA:
Reddin, Carl James, et al. "The effects of spatial scale and isoscape on consumer isotopic niche width." Functional Ecology 32.4 (2018): 904-915.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-25-07 at 14:38