What Drives Industry 4.0 Adoption? An Examination of Technological, Organizational, and Environmental Determinants

Beitrag bei einer Tagung
(Konferenzbeitrag)


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Arnold C, Veile J, Voigt KI
Herausgeber: International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT)
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2018
Tagungsband: International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT) Conference
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract



Industry 4.0 refers to a novel
production approach characterized by an entirely digitized and connected
industrial value creation (Kagermann et al. 2013). This is associated with
several benefits, e.g., increased resource efficiency, higher degrees of
customization, and novel business models (Bauernhansl 2014; Kagermann et al.
2013; Rehage et al. 2013). Nevertheless, manufacturing companies show
differences regarding adoption intensity and extent (Schmidt et al. 2015).
Hence, it is the purpose of this paper to examine, which factors determine the
adoption of Industry 4.0 in German manufacturing companies.



This study relates to technology
adoption literature. Previous studies in this field revealed significant
differences between different companies regarding the adoption of new
technologies (Schmidt et al. 2015). In this context, renowned literature
identified various factors that determine the adoption of different
technologies by manufacturing companies. Since to date, there are no academic
studies that examined relevant factors determining the adoption of Industry 4.0
as a comprehensive concept, this represents a clear research gap.



To address this gap, the
technology-organization-environment framework of DePietro et al. (1990), which
has been successfully employed in several previous IT adoption studies, is
applied. In total, the applied model contains nine constructs. A quantitative
study was carried out among German manufacturing companies using a survey
questionnaire as an instrument for gathering data. The final sample consists of
197 usable responses. The developed hypotheses were tested using a logistic
regression.



This study reveals valuable
insights with regard to relevant adoption factors in the context of Industry
4.0. In particular, the results show that relative advantage associated with Industry
4.0, support by a company’s top management, and high levels of competition
positively influence Industry 4.0 adoption, while environmental uncertainty is
the only determinant that negatively affects Industry 4.0 adoption. The study
further reveals no significant influence of perceived challenges, firm size,
absorptive capacity, and perceived outside support. In doing so, this study
provides the first analysis of factors that determine the adoption of Industry
4.0. Further research is still recommended as only German manufacturers were
analyzed and there was no differentiation between small and large companies.
Additionally, there are still various other potentially influencing factors,
which are not addressed by this study.



The results show important
managerial implications for companies at the threshold of implementing Industry
4.0 in their company. By revealing relevant factors that influence the adoption
of Industry 4.0, this paper provides managers with valuable insights regarding
important aspects to look at. This study is among the first to analyze relevant
adoption determinants especially for Industry 4.0. In this course, several
factors stemming from three perspectives, i.e., technology, organization, and
environment, are examined in one study. The results give a first indication
about relevant determinants influencing Industry 4.0 adoption behavior of
manufacturing companies.


FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Arnold, Christian Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Betriebswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Industrielles Management
Veile, Johannes
Lehrstuhl für Betriebswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Industrielles Management
Voigt, Kai-Ingo Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Betriebswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Industrielles Management


Zitierweisen

APA:
Arnold, C., Veile, J., & Voigt, K.-I. (2018). What Drives Industry 4.0 Adoption? An Examination of Technological, Organizational, and Environmental Determinants. In International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT) (Eds.), International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT) Conference. Birmingham, GB.

MLA:
Arnold, Christian, Johannes Veile, and Kai-Ingo Voigt. "What Drives Industry 4.0 Adoption? An Examination of Technological, Organizational, and Environmental Determinants." Proceedings of the International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT) Conference, Birmingham Ed. International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT), 2018.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-02-08 um 13:01