Windward and leeward margins of an Upper Ordovician carbonate platform in the Central Tarim Uplift, Xinjiang, northwestern China

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Zhang Y, Li Y, Wang G, Munnecke A
Journal: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Publication year: 2017
Volume: 474
Pages range: 79-88
ISSN: 0031-0182
Language: English


Abstract


In the Central Uplift of the Tarim Basin, northwestern China, the Katian (Upper Ordovician) limestones of the Lianglitag Formation extend from outcrops in the Bachu area to the subsurface in the Tazhong Oil Field (TZOF) area. Reefs and inner platform deposits are the dominant facies throughout the formation. The reef composition illustrates a palaeoecologic gradient from microbial-dominated buildups on the northwestern margin to metazoan-dominated reefs on the eastern and southern margins of the platform. Between these areas no outcrops are present. In the present study, data including litho- and biofacies logs and correlations from eight wells are presented, six of them of the region between Bachu and Tazhong, and two wells along the former platform margin from the TZOF. Calcimicrobial carbonates are common in core from the inner platform part. Benthic biota documented here resembles that of the microbial mounds and bioclastic limestones in the Bachu outcrop area, and thus is considered as the eastward extension of this realm. However, metazoan-dominated boundstones formed by corals, stromatoporoids, sponges together with calcareous algae are abundant along the southern platform margin, and are similar in composition to the reefs of TZOF in the easternmost part of the platform. The palaeoecologic differentiation between microbial- and metazoan-dominated reefs suggests a strong environmental gradient from a well-oxygenated windward eastern and southern side of the platform, which favoured the open ocean and which was dominated by metazoan reefs, and the inner platform as well as the northwestern, leeward margin of the platform with warmer, less-oxygenated water, which favoured the growth of microbial carbonates. Assuming the trade winds as cause for the contrasting facies on both sides of the platform a palaeo-position of Tarim south of the ITCZ seems probable because a position north of it would require a post-Ordovician clockwise rotation of Tarim of about 90° which is possible but less probable.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Munnecke, Axel Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Paläoumwelt


External institutions
Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology


How to cite

APA:
Zhang, Y., Li, Y., Wang, G., & Munnecke, A. (2017). Windward and leeward margins of an Upper Ordovician carbonate platform in the Central Tarim Uplift, Xinjiang, northwestern China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 474, 79-88. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.12.040

MLA:
Zhang, Yuanyuan, et al. "Windward and leeward margins of an Upper Ordovician carbonate platform in the Central Tarim Uplift, Xinjiang, northwestern China." Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 474 (2017): 79-88.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-18-10 at 04:40