Fabric transitions from shell accumulations to reefs: an introduction with Palaeozoic examples

Beitrag in einem Sammelwerk

Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Álvaro JJ, Aretz M, Boulvain F, Munnecke A, Vachard D, Vennin E
Herausgeber: Geological Society London
Titel Sammelwerk: Geological Society, London, Special Publication
Verlagsort: London
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2007
Titel der Reihe: Palaeozoic Reefs and Bioaccumulations: Climatic and Evolutionary Controls
Band: 275
Seitenbereich: 1-16
ISBN: 9781862392212
Sprache: Englisch


One unresolved conceptual problem in some Palaeozoic sedimentary strata is the boundary between the concepts of ‘shell concentration’ and ‘reef’. In fact, numerous bioclastic strata are transitional coquina-reef deposits, because either distinct frame-building skeletons are not commonly preserved in growth position, or skeletal remains are episodically encrusted by ‘stabilizer’ (reef-like) organisms, such as calcareous and problematic algae, encrusting microbes, bryozoans, foraminifers and sponges. The term ‘parabiostrome’, coined by Kershaw, can be used to describe some stratiform bioclastic deposits formed through the growth and destruction, by fair-weather wave and storm wave action, of meadows and carpets bearing frame-building (archaeocyaths, bryozoans, corals, stromatoporoids, etc.) and/or epibenthic, non-frame-building (e.g. pelmatozoan echinoderms, spiculate sponges and many brachiopods) organisms.

This paper documents six Palaeozoic examples of stabilized coquinas leading to (pseudo)reef frameworks. Some of them formed by storm processes (generating reef soles, aborted reefs or being part of mounds) on ramps and shelves and were consolidated by either encrusting organisms or early diagenesic processes, whereas others, bioclastic-dominated shoals in barrier shelves, were episodically stabilized by encrusting organisms, indicating distinct episodes in which shoals ceased their lateral migration.

FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Munnecke, Axel Prof. Dr.
Professur für Paläontologie (Schwerpunkt Faziesanalyse)

Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

LILLE 1 University - Science and Technology
Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté
Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier
University of Liège (ULg) / Université de Liège


Álvaro, J.-J., Aretz, M., Boulvain, F., Munnecke, A., Vachard, D., & Vennin, E. (2007). Fabric transitions from shell accumulations to reefs: an introduction with Palaeozoic examples. In Geological Society London (Eds.), Geological Society, London, Special Publication. (pp. 1-16). London.

Álvaro, José-Javier, et al. "Fabric transitions from shell accumulations to reefs: an introduction with Palaeozoic examples." Geological Society, London, Special Publication. Ed. Geological Society London, London, 2007. 1-16.


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