Experimental investigation of gas-liquid distribution in periodic open cellular structures as potential catalyst supports

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Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Lämmermann M, Schwieger W, Freund H
Zeitschrift: Catalysis Today
Verlag: Elsevier
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2016
ISSN: 0920-5861


Abstract

Radial and axial liquid distribution was measured in a packed column of 500 mm length and 100 mm inner diameter under various gas- and liquid superficial velocities to achieve trickle flow regime. Liquid maldistribution was determined using a liquid collector at the outlet consisting of 21 collection zones of equal area. In this work, as packings inside the column, periodic open cellular structures (POCS) were manufactured and applied. Such POCS can be used as structured catalyst support and/or liquid distributor.
The hydrodynamic behavior of packings with Kelvin cell, Diamond cell and a hybrid combination of both unit cells was studied to identify unit cells with high potential for achieving homogeneous liquid distribution over the entire reactor cross-section. The liquid superficial velocity had a strong influence on the liquid distribution, while an increasing gas flow rate did not change the flow patterns. Kelvin cell packings tend to distribute the liquid towards the center whereas Diamond cell packings predominantly spread the fluid towards the rim. As a consequence of these observations, in this work a novel POCS structure is proposed: The combination of Kelvin and Diamond unit cells, called hybrid DiaKel unit cell. With POCS consisting of this unit cell type, a significantly improved liquid distribution can be achieved. Thus, this structure features high potential as liquid distributor and/or catalyst support in gas-liquid reaction systems.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Freund, Hannsjörg Prof. Dr.
Professur für Katalytische Reaktoren und Prozesstechnik
Lämmermann, Markus
Professur für Katalytische Reaktoren und Prozesstechnik
Schwieger, Wilhelm Prof. Dr.
Professur für Technische Chemie (Reaktionstechnik)


Zusätzliche Organisationseinheit(en)
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


Forschungsbereiche

D Catalytic Materials
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


Zitierweisen

APA:
Lämmermann, M., Schwieger, W., & Freund, H. (2016). Experimental investigation of gas-liquid distribution in periodic open cellular structures as potential catalyst supports. Catalysis Today. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2016.02.049

MLA:
Lämmermann, Markus, Wilhelm Schwieger, and Hannsjörg Freund. "Experimental investigation of gas-liquid distribution in periodic open cellular structures as potential catalyst supports." Catalysis Today (2016).

BibTeX: 

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