Graphene grown on Ge(001) from atomic source

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Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Lippert G, Dabrowski J, Schroeder T, Schubert MA, Yamamoto Y, Herziger F, Maultzsch J, Baringhaus J, Tegenkamp C, Asensio MC, Avila J, Lupina G
Zeitschrift: Carbon
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2014
Band: 75
Seitenbereich: 104-112
ISSN: 0008-6223


Among the many anticipated applications of graphene, some - such as transistors for Si microelectronics - would greatly benefit from the possibility to deposit graphene directly on a semiconductor grown on a Si wafer. We report that Ge(001) layers on Si(001) wafers can be uniformly covered with graphene at temperatures between 800 degrees C and the melting temperature of Ge. The graphene is closed, with sheet resistivity strongly decreasing with growth temperature, weakly decreasing with the amount of deposited C, and reaching down to 2 k Omega/square. Density functional theory calculations indicate that the major physical processes affecting the growth are (1) substitution of surface Ge by C, (2) interaction between C clusters and Ge monomers, and (3) formation of bonds between graphene edge and Ge(001), and that the processes 1 and 2 are surpassed by CH2 surface diffusion when carbon is delivered from CH4. The results of this study indicate that graphene can be produced directly at the active region of the transistor in a process compatible with the Si technology (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Maultzsch, Janina Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik

Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
Leibniz Institut für innovative Mikroelektronik
Synchrotron SOLEIL
Technische Universität Berlin


Lippert, G., Dabrowski, J., Schroeder, T., Schubert, M.A., Yamamoto, Y., Herziger, F.,... Lupina, G. (2014). Graphene grown on Ge(001) from atomic source. Carbon, 75, 104-112.

Lippert, Gunther, et al. "Graphene grown on Ge(001) from atomic source." Carbon 75 (2014): 104-112.


Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-10-08 um 16:55