Petrogenesis of tertiary hornblende-bearing lavas in the rhön, germany

Journal article
(Original article)

Publication Details

Author(s): Mayer B, Jung S, Romer R, Stracke A, Haase K, Garbe-Schönberg D
Journal: Journal of Petrology
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option A
Publication year: 2013
Volume: 54
Journal issue: 10
Pages range: 2095-2123
ISSN: 0022-3530
Language: English


Hornblende-bearing basanites and alkali basalts from the Rhön area of Germany (part of the Central European Volcanic Province; CEVP) have high TiO (3-4 wt %), moderately high Mg# (mostly >0.50), variable Cr (400-30 ppm) and Ni (160-20 ppm) abundances, and are enriched in incompatible trace elements and rare earth elements (REE). In primitive mantle-normalized multielement diagrams they show a strong depletion in Ba, Rb, and K relative to trace elements of similar incompatibility. Some alkali basalts and more differentiated rocks have lower Mg# and lower abundances of Ni and Cr, and have undergone fractionation of olivine, clinopyroxene, Fe-Ti oxides and amphibole. The trace element constraints (e.g. low Nb/U and Ce/Pb and the Nd-Sr-Pb isotope compositions of some basalts) indicate that assimilation of lower crustal material has modified the composition of the primary mantle-derived magmas. Most of the basanites and alkali basalts approach the Sr-Nd-Pb isotope compositions inferred for the EAR (European Asthenospheric Reservoir) component. Variations in REE abundances and correlations between REE ratios suggest partial melting of amphibole-bearing spinel peridotite containing a significant portion of non-peridotitic material (i.e. pyroxenite). The presence of residual amphibole, indicated by depletion of Kand Rb relative to Ba and Nb, requires melting close to the asthenosphere- lithosphere boundary or within the lithospheric mantle, most probably of a veined mantle source. Temperature and pressure estimates indicate a depth of melting for the most primitive lavas at ~80 km at temperatures of ~1290°C. Based on Sr-Nd isotope and trace element constraints it is proposed that asthenospheric melts similar in composition to EAR melts observed elsewhere in the CEVP froze at the asthenosphere-lithosphere thermal boundary as veins in the lithospheric mantle. These veins were remelted after only short storage times by ascending asthenospheric melts, imposing the prominent amphibole signature upon the basalts. The fairly radiogenic Pb isotope signatures are expected to originate from melting of enriched, low melting temperature components incorporated in the depleted upper (asthenospheric) mantle and therefore do not require upwelling of deep-seated mantle sources for the Rhön or many other continental alkaline lavas with similar Pb isotope signatures. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press All rights reserved.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Haase, Karsten Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik

External institutions
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam - Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ)
Universität Hamburg
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (WWU) Münster

How to cite

Mayer, B., Jung, S., Romer, R., Stracke, A., Haase, K., & Garbe-Schönberg, D. (2013). Petrogenesis of tertiary hornblende-bearing lavas in the rhön, germany. Journal of Petrology, 54(10), 2095-2123.

Mayer, Bernhard, et al. "Petrogenesis of tertiary hornblende-bearing lavas in the rhön, germany." Journal of Petrology 54.10 (2013): 2095-2123.


Last updated on 2018-05-12 at 20:50