Burned and devoured-Introduced herbivores, fire, and the endemic flora of the high-elevation ecosystem on La Palma, Canary Islands

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Irl S, Steinbauer M, Messinger J, Blume-Werry G, Palomares Martínez A, Beierkuhnlein C, Jentsch A
Journal: Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research
Publisher: Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 46
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 859-869
ISSN: 1523-0430
Language: English


Abstract


Novel disturbance regimes (e.g., introduced herbivores and fire) are among the major drivers of degradation in island ecosystems. High-elevation ecosystems (HEEs) on islands might be especially vulnerable to these disturbances due to high endemism. Here, data from an 11-year exclosure experiment in the HEE of La Palma (Canary Islands) are presented where mammalian herbivores have been introduced. We investigate the combined effect of herbivory and fire on total species richness, seedling richness, and seedling establishment on the whole system and a subset of highly endangered species (target species). Total species richness, seedling species richness, and seedling establishment decreased with herbivory. Five out of eight target species were exclusively found inside the exclosures indicating the negative impact of introduced herbivores on endemic high elevation flora. Target species were generally affected more negatively by introduced herbivores and were subject to significantly higher browsing pressure, probably owing to their lack of defense strategies. A natural wildfire that occurred six years before data sampling substantially increased total species richness and seedling richness in both herbivory exclosure and reference conditions. We conclude that species composition of the HEE has been severely altered by the introduction of non-native herbivores, even though fire seems to have a positive effect on this system.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Steinbauer, Manuel Prof. Dr.
Professur für System-Paläobiologie


External institutions
Universität Bayreuth
Universität Greifswald


How to cite

APA:
Irl, S., Steinbauer, M., Messinger, J., Blume-Werry, G., Palomares Martínez, A., Beierkuhnlein, C., & Jentsch, A. (2014). Burned and devoured-Introduced herbivores, fire, and the endemic flora of the high-elevation ecosystem on La Palma, Canary Islands. Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research, 46(4), 859-869. https://dx.doi.org/10.1657/1938-4246-46.4.859

MLA:
Irl, Severin, et al. "Burned and devoured-Introduced herbivores, fire, and the endemic flora of the high-elevation ecosystem on La Palma, Canary Islands." Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research 46.4 (2014): 859-869.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-29-11 at 20:50