The effect of pre-milling/pre-synthesis process and excess Ba on the microstructure and dielectric/piezoelectric properties of nano-sized 0.94[(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3]-0.06[Ba(1+x)TiO3]

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Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Yoon MS, Khansur NH, Ur SC
Zeitschrift: Ceramics International
Verlag: Elsevier
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2010
Band: 36
Heftnummer: 4
Seitenbereich: 1265-1275
ISSN: 0272-8842


Abstract


Lead-free piezoelectric ceramic specimens of 0.94 [(Bi0.5Na0.5) TiO3] -0.06 [Ba (1 + x) TiO 3] (where 0 <= x <= 12:03) (abbreviated as nano-sized BNBT6 (x)) Compositions Containing excess Ba were Synthesized by a modified mixed oxide method. In this modified process (Bi0.5Na0.5) TiO3 and Ba (1 + x) TiO3 were separately prepared by pre-milling the starting powders in high energy mill (HEM) into order to obtain nano-particle size. BNBT6 (x) specimens were therefore prepared by the Conventional process to be Compared with the former one. The pre-milling of the raw materials lowered the calcination Temperatures of (Bi0.5Na0.5) TiO3 and Ba (1 + x) TiO3 by 110 and 200 degrees C, respectively, as Compared with the Conventional process. High energy milling improved the reaction activity and homogeneity of the material used Throughout the process, the enhanced sintering density and grain uniformity, and Decreased the grain size. The effects of excess Ba on the characteristic of nano-sized BNBT6 (x) specimens were systematically Investigated. The piezoelectric and dielectric properties of BNBT6 (x) specimens Containing various Amounts of excess Ba show maximum values ​​of the planar electromechanical coupling factor (k (p)) of 38% and the piezoelectric constant (d (33)) of 198 pC / N with Ba excess amount of 0:02 mol [BNBT6 (0.02)]. The d (33) then Decreases with Increasing excess Ba content to 00:03 mol, Whereas the relative dielectric permittivity (K-33 (T)) steadily Increases with Increasing excess Ba and Reaches the maximum value of 785 for this composition. Besides, the depolarization temperature (Td) slightly Decreased within the range of x = 0-0.01 mol and then Tends to Rapidly decrease with the excess Ba of 00:02 mol. In addition to this, the Td remains unchanged with the higher excess Ba of 00:03 mol. The modified mixing and milling method were Considered to be a new and promising process for lead-free piezoelectric ceramics owing to Their excellent piezoelectric / dielectric properties. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group Srl All rights reserved.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Khansur, Neamul Hayet Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Glas und Keramik)


Zusätzliche Organisationseinheit(en)
Professur für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Funktionskeramik)


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Chungju National University


Zitierweisen

APA:
Yoon, M.-S., Khansur, N.H., & Ur, S.-C. (2010). The effect of pre-milling/pre-synthesis process and excess Ba on the microstructure and dielectric/piezoelectric properties of nano-sized 0.94[(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3]-0.06[Ba(1+x)TiO3]. Ceramics International, 36(4), 1265-1275. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2010.01.011

MLA:
Yoon, Man-Soon, Neamul Hayet Khansur, and Soon-Chul Ur. "The effect of pre-milling/pre-synthesis process and excess Ba on the microstructure and dielectric/piezoelectric properties of nano-sized 0.94[(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3]-0.06[Ba(1+x)TiO3]." Ceramics International 36.4 (2010): 1265-1275.

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