In-group favoritism and discrimination among multiple out-groups

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Grimm V, Utikal V, Valmasoni L
Journal: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
Publication year: 2017
Title of series: mimeo
Journal issue: 143
Pages range: 254-271
ISSN: 0167-2681


Abstract


In this study, we investigate how and why people discriminate among different groups, including their in-group and multiple out-groups. In a laboratory experiment, we use dictator games for five groups to compare actual transfers to in-group and out-group agents with the respective beliefs held by dictators and recipients in these groups. We observe both in-group favoritism and discrimination across multiple out-groups. Individuals expect others to be in-group biased, as well as to be treated differently by different out-groups. We find that dictators’ in-group favoritism is positively related to the degree of in-group favoritism they expect other dictators to exhibit. Moreover, we find that a dictator tends to be relatively more generous toward a specific out-group when he or she expects that dictators belonging to that out-group are generous toward members of his or her in-group. Thus, our study provides evidence for indirect reciprocation expectation.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Grimm, Veronika Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Wirtschaftstheorie
Utikal, Verena Prof. Dr.
Juniorprofessur für Verhaltensökonomie
Valmasoni, Lorenzo
Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Wirtschaftstheorie


How to cite

APA:
Grimm, V., Utikal, V., & Valmasoni, L. (2017). In-group favoritism and discrimination among multiple out-groups. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 143, 254-271. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2017.08.015

MLA:
Grimm, Veronika, Verena Utikal, and Lorenzo Valmasoni. "In-group favoritism and discrimination among multiple out-groups." Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 143 (2017): 254-271.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-17-10 at 22:00