Red mediterranean soils in jordan: New insights in their origin, genesis, and role as environmental archives

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Originalarbeit)


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Lucke B, Kemnitz H, Bäumler R, Schmidt M
Zeitschrift: Catena
Verlag: Elsevier
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2014
Band: 112
Seitenbereich: 4-24
ISSN: 0341-8162
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


It is disputed whether Terrae Rossae form mainly out of the bedrock residue, from allochthonous material like aerosols, or by isovolumetric replacement. Furthermore, whether they are mainly relic soils or are still forming is subject to debate. These questions were addressed by comparing the geochemistry of several limestone and basalt based Red Mediterranean Soils with Lithosols on sandstone and limestone in Jordan. The bedrock residue was included at all test sites. Paleosols and initial soils on the limestone Regolith of historic ruins delivered insights into the possible time frame of soil development. A major reduction of elements in the soils compared to bedrock could be observed for CaO in carbonaceous, SiO in arenaceous, and FeO and MgO in basaltic rocks. All Terrae Rossae, however, are characterised by a significant increase of SiO, AlO, TiO, FeO, KO, and a range of mainly metallic minor elements that cannot be derived from the bedrock. A reasonable explanation could be input via aeolian transfer of minerals, with clay minerals as the major carrier plus quartz. This input probably originates in Egypt and Sudan and has remained largely unchanged over long periods. Growing aridity during the Holocene has apparently increased the share of silt while clay deposition and soil development has been reduced. At some sites, metasomatic processes have contributed to soil development and might help to explain the depth of some profiles. However, formation of red soils during the Holocene seems very limited, and the Red Mediterranean Soils may represent remains of a paleolandscape. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Bäumler, Rupert Prof. Dr.
Professur für Geographie
Lucke, Bernhard PD Dr.
Institut für Geographie


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Brandenburgische Technische Universität Cottbus
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Lucke, B., Kemnitz, H., Bäumler, R., & Schmidt, M. (2014). Red mediterranean soils in jordan: New insights in their origin, genesis, and role as environmental archives. Catena, 112, 4-24. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2013.04.006

MLA:
Lucke, Bernhard, et al. "Red mediterranean soils in jordan: New insights in their origin, genesis, and role as environmental archives." Catena 112 (2014): 4-24.

BibTeX: 

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