Regolith and soils in Bhutan, Eastern Himalayas.

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Bäumler R
Zeitschrift: European Journal of Soil Science
Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2004
Band: 55
Heftnummer: 11
Seitenbereich: 9-27
ISSN: 1351-0754
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


Bhutan lies at altitudes of 100-7500 m on the steep, long and complex southern slopes of the Eastern Himalayas. Soil surveys show that, despite steep gradients, there are many moderately or deeply weathered soils. Many slopes are mantled with polycyclic, layered drift materials, so soil horizons owe as much to regolith heterogeneity as to pedogenesis. In the limited arable areas soil profiles are further complicated by rice cultivation and the construction, maintenance and irrigation of flat terraces on steep slopes. Some natural pedogenic horizonation is apparent, and there is an altitudinal zonation of soil types. Although the climate is warm and seasonally wet, most soils on the subtropical southern foothills are not particularly weathered and leached. The foothills are seismically active, and many soils are formed in unstable landslide debris. Elsewhere the regoliths are more stable. The main soils up to about 3000 m in the inner valleys are moderately weathered and leached, and have bright subsoil colours and thin dark topsoils. Above these there is a zone of bright orange-coloured non-volcanic andosolic soils. Further upslope there are acid soils with thick surface litter, stagnogleyic topsoils, and drab brown subsoils with organic cutans. These grade to weak podzols, which extend from about 3500 m up to the treeline, around 4000 m. Above this, alpine turf soils, with deep, dark, and friable topsoils and yellowish friable subsoils, are intermixed with unweathered glacial deposits. The interactions between pedogenesis and the deposition of the varied and layered drift materials complicate mapping and classification of the soils.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Bäumler, Rupert Prof. Dr.
Professur für Geographie

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-09-08 um 11:23