Paleoecology and paleoenvironments of Permian bivalves of the Serra Alta Formation, Brazil: Ordinary suspension feeders or Late Paleozoic Gondwana seep organisms?

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Matos SA, Warren LV, Fürsich F, Alessandretti L, Assine ML, Riccomini C, Simões MG
Journal: Journal of South American Earth Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Publication year: 2017
Volume: 77
Pages range: 21-41
ISSN: 0895-9811


Abstract


This is the first record of a Permian seep deposit and an associated, morphologically bizarre, bivalve-dominated fauna from the Passa Dois Group, Paraná Basin, Brazil. Shales of the outer-shelf facies of the Serra Alta Formation preserve a low-diversity but high-abundant, large-sized bivalve fauna with unusual morphologies inside discoidal carbonate concretions. The bivalves are about ten times larger than tiny bivalves found scattered in laterally equivalent mudstones of the same unit. Intercalated between two concretion-bearing horizons, a cm-thick, sheet-like, disrupted, “brecciated”, partially silicified carbonate layer with microbially-induced lamination is recorded. In some areas, the carbonate layer shows vertical structures formed by injections of mud mixed with white limestone clasts and microbial linings. Immediately above this, silicified mudstones preserve small domal structures (= mounds) with a slightly depressed center. Monospecific concentrations of closed articulated shells of Tambaquyra camargoi occur at the base of these domes. Carbon-isotope (δ13C) values from the shells, “brecciated” carbonates, and fossil-rich concretions are all depleted (negative values ∼ −6.1 to −7.6‰). Combined taphonomic, sedimentological, petrographic, geochemical and paleontological data suggest that the disrupted, “brecciated” carbonate and associated fauna and domes may have formed by an exudation system. Indeed, this interval of the Serra Alta Formation is ∼8.7 m above the contact with the underlying, oil-rich Irati Formation. This unit has very high total organic carbon (up to 23%) values and high sulphur contents, supporting the interpretation of the lithological and paleontological features as result of seepage of organic compounds at the seafloor. Where the gases and hydrocarbons escaped, the seabed was colonized by, at least facultatively, chemosymbiotic bivalves. The species above belong to a highly endemic group of pachydomids that were shallow infaunal bivalves (SIB). Hence, they are not related to “classical” bivalves with extant representatives, which are chemosymbionts. This may reflect an extreme adaptive radiation and repopulation of anoxic-dysoxic bottoms of the Paraná Basin by SIB species.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Fürsich, Franz Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Paläontologie


External institutions
University of São Paulo / Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
USP


How to cite

APA:
Matos, S.A., Warren, L.V., Fürsich, F., Alessandretti, L., Assine, M.L., Riccomini, C., & Simões, M.G. (2017). Paleoecology and paleoenvironments of Permian bivalves of the Serra Alta Formation, Brazil: Ordinary suspension feeders or Late Paleozoic Gondwana seep organisms? Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 77, 21-41. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2017.04.007

MLA:
Matos, Suzana Aparecida, et al. "Paleoecology and paleoenvironments of Permian bivalves of the Serra Alta Formation, Brazil: Ordinary suspension feeders or Late Paleozoic Gondwana seep organisms?" Journal of South American Earth Sciences 77 (2017): 21-41.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-08-08 at 03:44