Deciphering kinetic, metabolic and environmental controls on stable isotope fractionations between seawater and the shell of Terebratalia transversa (Brachiopoda).

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Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Joachimski M
Zeitschrift: Chemical Geology
Verlag: Elsevier
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2003
Heftnummer: 202
Seitenbereich: 59-78
ISSN: 0009-2541


Abstract


This study presents carbon and oxygen stable isotope data obtained from high-resolution sampling (<500 μm) of the brachiopod Terebratalia transversa from the San Juan Islands (Washington State, USA). The aim of this study is to unravel the respective effects of physiological and environmental controls on the stable isotopic composition of brachiopod shell calcite. Based on an SEM study of the shell, a three-dimensional sampling was performed in order to investigate carbon and oxygen isotope variations along isochrons and ontogenetic transects. The primary as well as the outer part of the secondary shell layer display large and variable isotopic offsets as high as -7‰ for δ 13C and -6‰ for δ 18O relative to expected equilibrium values. The significant positive correlations between δ 18O and δ 13C values indicate that the isotopic compositions of these shell domains are mainly controlled by kinetic isotope fractionation effects. The ontogenetic δ 13C and δ 18O variations can be used to establish a growth curve of the studied specimen whose age is estimated close to 8 years. The extent of apparent O-18 disequilibrium observed in this study is about as large as any yet measured in any organism, which makes this brachiopod an interesting and important case. The carbon and oxygen isotope compositions increase from the outer towards the inner part of the secondary layer, where they reach values of 0-0.8‰ and -0.8‰ to -0.2‰, respectively. Corresponding calculated temperatures are between 12 and 13.8 °C and fall in the range of seawater temperatures recorded off the San Juan Islands (7-13 °C). These results suggest that the calcite fibres were secreted more and more slowly during the thickening of the shell throughout the animal's life, finally approximating isotopic equilibrium.This study illustrates that the stable isotopic composition of the modern brachiopod T. transversa is predominantly influenced by kinetic fractionation and, to a minor degree, by metabolic effects. Except for the innermost part of the shell, the measured isotope ratios do not reflect environmental conditions during shell precipitation. It remains to be tested by comparable studies whether other modern brachiopod species or even fossil brachiopods reflect comparable fractionation effects. These results point out the need for re-examination of Paleozoic oceanographic conditions. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Joachimski, Michael Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Geologie (Exogene Dynamik)

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-09-08 um 10:23