Geochemistry and petrology of lavas from the submarine flanks of Réunion Island (western Indian Ocean): Implications for magma genesis and the mantle source.

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Originalarbeit)


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Fretzdorff S, Haase K
Zeitschrift: Mineralogy and Petrology
Verlag: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2002
Band: 75
Seitenbereich: 153-184
ISSN: 0930-0708
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


Major and trace element data as well as Sr and Nd isotope compositions for submarine lavas from the flanks of Réunion island are reported. The submarine basalts of the island have major and trace element compositions similar to those of the subaerial basaltic rocks. This implies that no compositional change occurs in the shield-building magmas of the two Réunion volcanoes. Fractional crystallization of lavas from both Piton de la Fournaise and Piton des Neiges begin well within the mantle at pressures up to 1 GPa which is significantly deeper than the crust-mantle boundary at about 12 km depth. The Réunion primary magmas form at an average depth of about 4 GPa in agreement with the thickness of the plate beneath the island. Lavas from both Réunion volcanoes have similar trace element compositions with the exception of lower Th/Ba for Piton des Neiges which implies a relatively homogeneous plume source during, at least, the last 2 Ma. The lack of any variation in the partial melting processes during this time span implies a thermal steady state of the plume centre. The Réunion lavas form either from a source that was enriched by partial melting or that contains recycled enriched MORB. Based on MORB- like Ce/Pb and Nb/U ratios an influence by fluid-metasomatized mantle, sediment or continental crustal material in the Réunion source appears unlikely.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Haase, Karsten Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Forschungszentrum Jülich / Research Centre Jülich (FZJ)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Fretzdorff, S., & Haase, K. (2002). Geochemistry and petrology of lavas from the submarine flanks of Réunion Island (western Indian Ocean): Implications for magma genesis and the mantle source. Mineralogy and Petrology, 75, 153-184. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s007100200022

MLA:
Fretzdorff, Susanne, and Karsten Haase. "Geochemistry and petrology of lavas from the submarine flanks of Réunion Island (western Indian Ocean): Implications for magma genesis and the mantle source." Mineralogy and Petrology 75 (2002): 153-184.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-09-08 um 06:38