The Mid-Cimmerian tectonic event (Bajocian) in the Alborz Mountains, northern Iran: Evidence of the break-up unconformity of the South Caspian Basin

Article in Edited Volumes


Publication Details

Author(s): Fürsich F, Wilmsen M, Seyed-Emami K, Majidifard MR
Title edited volumes: South Caspian to Central Iran basins
Publisher: Geological Society, London, Special Publication
Publishing place: London
Publication year: 2009
Volume: 312
Pages range: 189-203
ISSN: 0305-8719
Language: English


Abstract


The Mid-Cimmerian tectonic event of Bajocian age can be documented all across the Iran Plate (Alborz Mountains of northern Iran, NE Iran, east-central Iran) and the southern Koppeh Dagh (northeastern Iran). In the Alborz area, the tectonic event consisted of two main pulses. A distinct unconformity (near the Lower-Upper Bajocian boundary) at or near the base of the Dansirit Formation is the sedimentary expression of rapid basin shallowing due to uplift and erosion. Another unconformity is developed in the early Upper Bajocian, close to or at the top of the Dansirit Formation. Locally, it is expressed as an angular unconformity due to block rotation and is overlain by a thin transgressive conglomerate followed by silty marls of the deep-marine Upper Bajocian-Callovian Dalichai Formation. This upper unconformity signals a rapid subsidence pulse. On the Tabas Block of east-central Iran, a single unconformity can be documented that is time-equivalent to those bounding the Dansirit Formation (i.e. 'mid-Bajocian'). Local folding gives direct evidence of compressional tectonics, and conglomerates indicate subaerial denudation of older Mesozoic or Palaeozoic strata. After a stratigraphic gap, transgressive sediments of ?Late Bajocian-Bathonian age follow, suggesting a fusion of the lower and upper Mid-Cimmerian unconformities in east-central Iran. Along the southern margin of the Koppeh Dagh Mountains (NE Iran), a Late Bajocian subsidence pulse initiated the opening of the strongly subsiding Kashafrud Basin, an eastwards extension of the South Caspian Basin. In all of these areas, one phase of uplift and erosion took place followed by a pronounced pulse of subsidence running counter to trends of the eustatic sea-level curve. Thus, what is generally understood as the Mid-Cimmerian tectonic event is now thought to consist of a tectonic phase, confined to the Bajocian. This phase is explained as the expression of the onset of sea-floor spreading within the South Caspian Basin situated to the north of the present-day Alborz Mountains. This strongly subsiding basin developed close to the Palaeotethys suture during the Toarcian-Aalenian and went through a change from the rifting- to the spreading-stage during the Bajocian. The Mid-Cimmerian event therefore reflects the break-up unconformity of the South Caspian Basin. © The Geological Society of London 2009.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Fürsich, Franz Prof. Dr.
Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Wilmsen, Markus PD Dr.
Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät


External institutions with authors

University of Tehran


How to cite

APA:
Fürsich, F., Wilmsen, M., Seyed-Emami, K., & Majidifard, M.R. (2009). The Mid-Cimmerian tectonic event (Bajocian) in the Alborz Mountains, northern Iran: Evidence of the break-up unconformity of the South Caspian Basin. In South Caspian to Central Iran basins. (pp. 189-203). London: Geological Society, London, Special Publication.

MLA:
Fürsich, Franz, et al. "The Mid-Cimmerian tectonic event (Bajocian) in the Alborz Mountains, northern Iran: Evidence of the break-up unconformity of the South Caspian Basin." South Caspian to Central Iran basins. London: Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 2009. 189-203.

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Last updated on 2019-22-07 at 07:29