Sensory transduction of gravitaxis in Euglena gracilis

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift

Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Streb C, Richter P, Ntefidou M, Lebert M, Häder DP
Zeitschrift: Journal of Plant Physiology
Verlag: Elsevier
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2002
Band: 159
Heftnummer: 8
Seitenbereich: 855-862
ISSN: 0176-1617


Euglena gracilis is a single-celled freshwater flagellate which shows, among other movement behaviors, a negative gravitaxis (cells swim upward in the water column) and a pronounced phototaxis. Gravitaxis is most likely an active physiological mechanism, and the influence of various inhibitors on the gravitaxis in Euglena gracilis was tested using the fully automatic image analysis system ECO-TOX to elucidate the possible cellular mechanism of gravity perception and signal transduction. Substances such as the phosphodiesterase inhibitors theophylline, IBM-X and forskolin, which increase the intracellular cAMP concentration, enhance the precision of graviorientation of the cells measured shortly after incubation. Indomethacin, which decreases the intracellular cAMP concentration by inhibition of the adenylate cyclase, inhibited graviorientation. All inhibitors of calmodulin metabolism tested reduced the precision of gravitaxis in Euglena gracilis. Heparin and LiCl, which inhibit the IP3-pathway (block IP3 channels or formation of IP3, respectively) had no effect. The potassium channel blockers BaCl2 and CsCl showed an effect on the orientation behavior, while tetraethylammonium (TEA) had no influence. The protein phosphatase inhibitor, ocadaic acid, inhibited graviorientation at low concentrations. The data are discussed with respect to the current working model for gravitaxis in Euglena gracilis.

FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Häder, Donat-Peter Prof. Dr.
Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Lebert, Michael PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Zellbiologie
Ntefidou, Maria Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Zellbiologie
Richter, Peter Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Zellbiologie


Streb, C., Richter, P., Ntefidou, M., Lebert, M., & Häder, D.-P. (2002). Sensory transduction of gravitaxis in Euglena gracilis. Journal of Plant Physiology, 159(8), 855-862.

Streb, Christine, et al. "Sensory transduction of gravitaxis in Euglena gracilis." Journal of Plant Physiology 159.8 (2002): 855-862.


Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-01-07 um 03:23