A roadmap for island biology: 50 fundamental questions after 50 years of The Theory of Island Biogeography

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift

Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Patino J, Whittaker RJ, Borges PAV, Maria Fernandez-Palacios J, Ah-Peng C, Araujo MB, Avila SP, Cardoso P, Cornuault J, De Boer EJ, De Nascimento L, Gil A, Gonzalez-Castro A, Gruner DS, Heleno R, Hortal J, Carlos Illera J, Kaiser-Bunbury CN, Matthews TJ, Papadopoulou A, Pettorelli N, Price JP, Santos AMC, Steinbauer M, Triantis KA, Valente L, Vargas P, Weigelt P, Emerson BC
Zeitschrift: Journal of Biogeography
Verlag: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2017
Band: 44
Heftnummer: 5
Seitenbereich: 963-983
ISSN: 0305-0270
Sprache: Englisch


Aims: The 50th anniversary of the publication of the seminal book, The Theory of Island Biogeography, by Robert H. MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson, is a timely moment to review and identify key research foci that could advance island biology. Here, we take a collaborative horizon-scanning approach to identify 50 fundamental questions for the continued development of the field.

Location: Worldwide.

Methods: We adapted a well-established methodology of horizon scanning to identify priority research questions in island biology, and initiated it during the Island Biology 2016 conference held in the Azores. A multidisciplinary working group prepared an initial pool of 187 questions. A series of online surveys was then used to refine a list of the 50 top priority questions. The final shortlist was restricted to questions with a broad conceptual scope, and which should be answerable through achievable research approaches.

Results: Questions were structured around four broad and partially overlapping island topics, including: (Macro)Ecology and Biogeography, (Macro)Evolution, Community Ecology, and Conservation and Management. These topics were then subdivided according to the following subject areas: global diversity patterns (five questions in total); island ontogeny and past climate change (4); island rules and syndromes (3); island biogeography theory (4); immigration–speciation–extinction dynamics (5); speciation and diversification (4); dispersal and colonization (3); community assembly (6); biotic interactions (2); global change (5); conservation and management policies (5); and invasive alien species (4).

Main conclusions: Collectively, this cross-disciplinary set of topics covering the 50 fundamental questions has the potential to stimulate and guide future research in island biology. By covering fields ranging from biogeography, community ecology and evolution to global change, this horizon scan may help to foster the formation of interdisciplinary research networks, enhancing joint efforts to better understand the past, present and future of island biotas.

FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Steinbauer, Manuel Prof. Dr.
Professur für System-Paläobiologie

Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science / Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung
Spanish National Research Council / Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
Technische Universität Darmstadt
Universidad de La Laguna
Universidad de Oviedo
Universidade de Coimbra
Université de La Réunion
University of Amsterdam
University of Copenhagen
University of Groningen / Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
University of Hawaii (U.H.)
University of Maryland
University of Oxford
University of the Azores / Universidade dos Açores (UAç)
Zoological Society of London (ZSL)


Patino, J., Whittaker, R.J., Borges, P.A.V., Maria Fernandez-Palacios, J., Ah-Peng, C., Araujo, M.B.,... Emerson, B.C. (2017). A roadmap for island biology: 50 fundamental questions after 50 years of The Theory of Island Biogeography. Journal of Biogeography, 44(5), 963-983. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12986

Patino, Jairo, et al. "A roadmap for island biology: 50 fundamental questions after 50 years of The Theory of Island Biogeography." Journal of Biogeography 44.5 (2017): 963-983.


Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-10-11 um 13:50