Providing surround sound with loudspeakers: A synopsis of current methods

Journal article
(Original article)

Publication Details

Author(s): Blauert J, Rabenstein R
Journal: Archives of Acoustics
Publisher: Polish Scientific Publishers
Publication year: 2012
Volume: 37
Journal issue: 1
Pages range: 5-18
ISSN: 0137-5075


Available methods for room-related sound presentation are introduced and evaluated. A focus is put on the synthesis side rather than on complete transmission systems. Different methods are compared using common, though quite general criteria. The methods selected for comparison are: INTENSITY STEREOPHONY after Blumlein, vector-base amplitude panning (VBAP), 5.1-SURROUND and its discrete-channel derivatives, synthesis with spherical harmonics (AMBISONICS, HOA), synthesis based on the boundary method, namely, wave-field synthesis (WFS), and binaural-cue selection methods (e.g., DIRAC). While VBAP, 5.1-SURROUND and other discrete-channel-based methods show a number of practical advantages, they do, in the end, not aim at authentic sound-field reproduction. The so-called holophonic methods that do so, particularly, HOA and WFS, have specific advantages and disadvantages which will be discussed. Yet, both methods are under continuous development, and a decision in favor of one of them should be taken from a strictly application-oriented point of view by considering relevant application-specific advantages and disadvantages in detail. Copyright © 2012 by PAN - IPPT.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Rabenstein, Rudolf Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Multimediakommunikation und Signalverarbeitung

External institutions
Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB)

How to cite

Blauert, J., & Rabenstein, R. (2012). Providing surround sound with loudspeakers: A synopsis of current methods. Archives of Acoustics, 37(1), 5-18.

Blauert, Jens, and Rudolf Rabenstein. "Providing surround sound with loudspeakers: A synopsis of current methods." Archives of Acoustics 37.1 (2012): 5-18.


Last updated on 2018-09-12 at 13:50