On the transition from plastic deformation to crack initiation in the high- and very high-cycle fatigue regimes in plain carbon steels

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Originalarbeit)


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Bach J, Möller J, Göken M, Bitzek E, Höppel HW
Zeitschrift: International Journal of Fatigue
Verlag: Elsevier
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2016
ISSN: 0142-1123
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


It is well known that fatigue life of metallic materials involves processes at different stages. Two main regimes can be distinguished: The first is governed by plastic deformation and related dislocation processes like cyclic saturation and strain localization. The second regime is mainly dominated by crack initiation and propagation. Whether an infinite fatigue life is obtained or not is therefore ultimately determined by the complex interplay of plastic deformation processes, the formation of small crack nuclei and their subsequent interaction with the surrounding material's microstructure. Thus, it is necessary to investigate the transition from plastic deformation to crack initiation in the high- and very high-cycle fatigue regime in more detail. Three plain carbon steels with different ferrite to pearlite ratios were investigated in order to determine the influence of different microstructures on the transition from cyclic deformation to crack initiation in the high and very high cycle fatigue (VHCF) regime. A new method was developed where the changes in the dissipated energy are used to account for irreversible plastic deformation during ultrasonic fatigue loading. At very small fatigue amplitudes, which still lead to VHCF-failure, the cyclic deformation regime covers the main part of the fatigue life. In this regime dislocation interactions lead to the accumulation of irreversible plastic deformation followed by small crack nuclei that initiate at phase or grain boundaries (GBs), marking the transition to the damage regime. In order to better understand the fundamental mechanisms at the transition between both regimes, idealized atomistic simulations were performed. To model fatigue-induced plastic deformation various defects, i.e. dislocations and vacancies, were placed in the vicinity of a GB. These defects generally decrease the globally applied critical stress for crack initiation whilst the local critical stress stays mainly unchanged in the same range as the theoretical GB strength. Based on the experimental results and on the general findings from the atomistic simulations it is concluded that an infinite fatigue life is obtained either when cyclic irreversible deformation is too small to build up the necessary stresses for crack initiation or when the formed crack nuclei cannot overcome the next microstructural barriers.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Bach, Jochen
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Allgemeine Werkstoffeigenschaften)
Bitzek, Erik Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Professur für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Simulation und Werkstoffeigenschaften)
Göken, Mathias Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Allgemeine Werkstoffeigenschaften)
Höppel, Heinz Werner PD Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Allgemeine Werkstoffeigenschaften)
Möller, Johannes
Professur für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Simulation und Werkstoffeigenschaften)


Zusätzliche Organisationseinheit(en)
Graduiertenkolleg 1896/2 In situ Mikroskopie mit Elektronen, Röntgenstrahlen und Rastersonden
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials
Interdisziplinäres Zentrum, Center for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy (CENEM)


Forschungsbereiche

E Lightweight Materials
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials
A2 Nanoanalysis and Microscopy
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials
A3 Multiscale Modeling and Simulation
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


Zitierweisen

APA:
Bach, J., Möller, J., Göken, M., Bitzek, E., & Höppel, H.W. (2016). On the transition from plastic deformation to crack initiation in the high- and very high-cycle fatigue regimes in plain carbon steels. International Journal of Fatigue. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2016.04.003

MLA:
Bach, Jochen, et al. "On the transition from plastic deformation to crack initiation in the high- and very high-cycle fatigue regimes in plain carbon steels." International Journal of Fatigue (2016).

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-03-06 um 16:23