Effect of model parameters on finite element analysis of micromotions in implant dentistry

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Review-Artikel)


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Winter W, Klein D, Karl M
Zeitschrift: The Journal of oral implantology
Verlag: Allen Press Inc.
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2013
Band: 39
Heftnummer: 1
Seitenbereich: 23-29
ISSN: 0160-6972
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


Micromotion between dental implant and bony socket may occur in immediate-loading scenarios. Excessive micromotion surpassing an estimated threshold of approximately 150 μm may result in fibrous encapsulation instead of osseointegration of the implant. As finite element analysis (FEA) has been applied in this field, it was the aim of this study to evaluate the effect of implant-related variables and modeling parameters on simulating micromotion phenomena. Three-dimensional FEA models representing a dental implant within a bony socket were constructed and used for evaluating micromotion (global displacement) and stress transfer (von Mises equivalent stress) at the implant-bone interface when static loads were applied. A parametric study was conducted altering implant geometry (cylinder, screw), direction of loading (axial, horizontal), healing status (immediate implant, osseointegrated implant), and contact type between implant and bone (friction free, friction, rigid). Adding threads to a cylindrically shaped implant as well as changing the contact type between implant and bone from friction free to rigid led to a reduction of implant displacement. On the other hand, reducing the elastic modulus of bone for simulating an immediate implant caused a substantial increase in displacement of the implant. Altering the direction of loading from axial to horizontal caused a change in loading patterns from uniform loading surrounding the whole implant to localized loading in the cervical area. Implant-related and bone-related factors determine the degree of micromotion of a dental implant during the healing phase, which should be considered when choosing a loading protocol.

 



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Klein, Daniel
Lehrstuhl für Konstruktionstechnik
Winter, Werner Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Technische Mechanik


Zitierweisen

APA:
Winter, W., Klein, D., & Karl, M. (2013). Effect of model parameters on finite element analysis of micromotions in implant dentistry. The Journal of oral implantology, 39(1), 23-29. https://dx.doi.org/10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-11-00221.

MLA:
Winter, Werner, Daniel Klein, and Matthias Karl. "Effect of model parameters on finite element analysis of micromotions in implant dentistry." The Journal of oral implantology 39.1 (2013): 23-29.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-22-07 um 07:30