Late Holocene relative humidity history on the southeastern Tibetan plateau inferred from a tree-ring δ18O record: Recent decrease and conditions during the last 1500 years

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Review-Artikel)


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Grießinger J, Bräuning A, Helle G, Hochreuther P, Schleser GH
Zeitschrift: Quaternary international
Verlag: Pergamon Press
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2017
Band: 430
Seitenbereich: 52-59
ISSN: 1040-6182
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


In recent decades, the Tibetan plateau (TP) experienced a distinctive temperature increase, with fundamental consequences for the hydrological system. As meteorological time-series extending back more than 60 years are scarce, there is a strong need for proxy data providing insight into the regional hydroclimatic history as well as the long-term variability. Within this study, a recently developed annually resolved 1500 year-long tree-ring stable oxygen isotope (δ18O) time from the southeastern TP is presented. Climate–proxy relationships reveal a strong impact of relative humidity (rH) during the summer months (May to September) on tree-ring δ18O, explaining around 45% of its variance. The derived reconstruction of relative humidity reveals a recent trend towards drier conditions on the TP. However, the present low rH level is not unprecedented in regard to the last 1500 years. In comparison to recent climate conditions, the Medieval Warm Period (MWP) was characterized by more stable conditions with higher humidity values. Hydroclimatic conditions during the Little Ice Age (LIA) suggest a contrasting two-phased period, with a clear shift from drier conditions prevailing between 1400 and 1650 AD to more humid conditions since the second half of the 17th century. Comparisons with other local proxies from lake levels and Pollen data from the southern part of the Tibetan plateau indicate a common regional climate forcing during the MWP and the LIA which can be related to changes in summer monsoon activity. However, the strength of the distinct dryness trend during the 20th century seems unique.



FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Bräuning, Achim Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Geographie (Physische Geographie)
Grießinger, Jussi Dr.
Institut für Geographie
Hochreuther, Philipp
Lehrstuhl für Geographie (Physische Geographie)


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam - Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Grießinger, J., Bräuning, A., Helle, G., Hochreuther, P., & Schleser, G.H. (2017). Late Holocene relative humidity history on the southeastern Tibetan plateau inferred from a tree-ring δ18O record: Recent decrease and conditions during the last 1500 years. Quaternary international, 430, 52-59. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.02.011

MLA:
Grießinger, Jussi, et al. "Late Holocene relative humidity history on the southeastern Tibetan plateau inferred from a tree-ring δ18O record: Recent decrease and conditions during the last 1500 years." Quaternary international 430 (2017): 52-59.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-21-07 um 10:23