Integrated bio- and lithofacies analysis of coarse-grained, tide-dominated deltaic environments across the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary in Patagonia, Argentina

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Scasso RA, Aberhan M, Ruiz L, Weidemeyer S, Medina FA, Kießling W
Journal: Cretaceous Research
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2012
Volume: 36
Pages range: 37-56
ISSN: 0195-6671


Abstract


Four facies associations representing, from sea to land, namely (1) tidal bars in distal delta front, (2) proximal tidal bar complexes, (3) tidal channel and tidal flat deposits, and (4) multi-episodic, tide-influenced channels, resulted from the bio- and lithofacies analysis of the siliciclastic Cretaceous/Paleogene Lefipán Formation (Patagonia, Argentina). Lithofacies analysis indicates the existence of coarse-grained, tide-dominated deltas fed with sediments of braided rivers, a rare type of delta that was developed at the western margin of a large marine embayment during the Cretaceous/Paleogene (K/Pg) boundary interval. Differences in taxonomic composition and ecological structure of the biofacies revealed variations in environmental factors, with salinity exerting the principal influence on biofacies. Salinity varied from oligohaline and mesohaline in the deltaic, high-stress environments, as typified by monospecific bivalve assemblages, to diverse and trophically more complex associations, indicating more normal marine and stable conditions. Thus, the biofacies provided an independent tool to check the results of the lithofacies analysis in complex transitional environments. A comparison of Maastrichtian and Danian faunas suggests that the K/Pg boundary event disrupted the stable Maastrichtian communities via the extinction of dominating species, leading to less diverse but more varied Danian assemblages. A shift in trophic structure to increased percentages of deposit-feeders in the Danian was not a direct consequence of impact-related environmental perturbations at the boundary in the studied onshore environment. This contrasts with previous studies of siliciclastic offshore settings, where such a shift in trophic composition was interpreted as the consequence of a productivity crisis at the boundary. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Kießling, Wolfgang Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Paläoumwelt


External institutions
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) / University of Buenos Aires


How to cite

APA:
Scasso, R.A., Aberhan, M., Ruiz, L., Weidemeyer, S., Medina, F.A., & Kießling, W. (2012). Integrated bio- and lithofacies analysis of coarse-grained, tide-dominated deltaic environments across the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary in Patagonia, Argentina. Cretaceous Research, 36, 37-56. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2012.02.002

MLA:
Scasso, R. A., et al. "Integrated bio- and lithofacies analysis of coarse-grained, tide-dominated deltaic environments across the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary in Patagonia, Argentina." Cretaceous Research 36 (2012): 37-56.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-11-08 at 00:46