Marine benthic invertebrates from the Upper Jurassic of northern Ethiopia and their biogeographic affinities

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Kießling W, Pandey D, Schemm-Gregory M, Mewis H, Aberhan M
Journal: Journal of African Earth Sciences
Publication year: 2011
Volume: 59
Pages range: 195-214
ISSN: 0899-5362


Abstract


We present the first modern description of corals, brachiopods and bivalves from the Antalo Limestone in the Mekele Outlier of northern Ethiopia. This fauna is largely of Oxfordian age and lived in shallow subtidal environments and in small patch reefs. In combining our new data with fossil occurrence data from the Paleobiology Database, we conducted multidimensional scaling analyses to assess biogeographic patterns and the delineation of the Ethiopian Province for the Callovian to Kimmeridgian stages. Results suggest that an Ethiopian Province is indeed evident for our focal groups, but this is more confined than traditionally assumed. The so defined Ethiopian Province includes Tunisia, the Levant, Arabia and much of East Africa, but excludes Tanzania and India. The special status of India and Tanzania is perhaps due to latitudinal gradients in faunal composition. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Kießling, Wolfgang Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Paläoumwelt


External institutions
Museum für Naturkunde
Universidade de Coimbra


How to cite

APA:
Kießling, W., Pandey, D., Schemm-Gregory, M., Mewis, H., & Aberhan, M. (2011). Marine benthic invertebrates from the Upper Jurassic of northern Ethiopia and their biogeographic affinities. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 59, 195-214. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2010.10.006

MLA:
Kießling, Wolfgang, et al. "Marine benthic invertebrates from the Upper Jurassic of northern Ethiopia and their biogeographic affinities." Journal of African Earth Sciences 59 (2011): 195-214.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-11-08 at 00:46