Robust Superdirectional Beamforming for Hands-Free Speech Capture in Cars

Conference contribution


Publication Details

Author(s): Mabande E, Schad A, Kellermann W
Publication year: 2009
Conference Proceedings Title: Proc. NAG/DAGA International Conference on Acoustics
Pages range: 438-441
Language: English


Abstract

The application of multichannel signal processing algo-rithms in front-ends of hands-free speech communication systems facilitates a better extraction of a desired source signal and allows for a suppression of unwanted noise and interference in car interiors. In this paper, a novel superdirective beamforming design method called the Robust Least-Squares Frequency-Invariant Beamformer (RLSFIB) is investigated for microphone arrays in cars. The RLSFIB design offers superior spatial selectivity at low frequencies even for small array apertures and some variability in microphone positioning. To cope with the high sensitivity inherent to superdirectional beamformers, this method directly incorporates a white noise gain (WNG) constraint for controlling the beamformer sensitivity. The resulting problem is formulated as a convex optimization problem which can be solved by conventional iterative solvers and the convexity guarantees a globally optimal solution. As the WNG constraint can be chosen freely, the method can match desired robustness levels, and therefore can be adapted to given prior knowledge on microphone mismatch, positioning errors, and microphone self-noise. Design examples for typical car requirements will be presented.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Kellermann, Walter Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Professur für Nachrichtentechnik


How to cite

APA:
Mabande, E., Schad, A., & Kellermann, W. (2009). Robust Superdirectional Beamforming for Hands-Free Speech Capture in Cars. In Proc. NAG/DAGA International Conference on Acoustics (pp. 438-441). Rotterdam, NL.

MLA:
Mabande, Edwin, A. Schad, and Walter Kellermann. "Robust Superdirectional Beamforming for Hands-Free Speech Capture in Cars." Proceedings of the International Conference on Acoustics, NAG/DAGA 2009, Rotterdam 2009. 438-441.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-09-05 at 16:23