Marine carbonate facies in response to climate and nutrient level: The Upper Carboniferous and Permian of central Spitsbergen (Svalbard).

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Buggisch W, Joachimski M
Zeitschrift: Facies
Verlag: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2001
Heftnummer: 45
Seitenbereich: 93-136
ISSN: 0172-9179


Abstract


Carbonate-dominated successions of the Gipsdalen and Tempelfjorden Groups from Svalbard record a significant shift from Photozoan to Heterozoan particle associations in neritic settings during the late Palaeozoic. During the Bashkirian, benthic particle associations which included photoautotrophs such as phylloid algae (Chloroforam Association) characterised shallow subtidal environments. Most depositional settings which endured siliciclastic terrestrial input exhibited poorly diversified associations dominated by brachiopods, bryozoans and siliceous sponges (Bryonoderm Association). During the Moscovian to Asselian, highly diversified associations typified by various calcareous green algae, Palaeoaplysina, Tubiphytes, fusulinids, smaller and encrusting foraminifers (Chloroforam Association) prevailed in carbonate sediments from supratidal to shallow subtidal environments. During the Sakmarian and Early Artinskian, oolitic carbonate sands (Chloroforam Association) typified intertidal flats, whereas shallow subtidal environments were occupied by moderately diversified associations with fusulinids, smaller foraminifers, echinoderms and bryozoans (Bryonoderm-extended Association) and poorly diversified associations with echinoderms, brachiopods and bryozoans (Bryonoderm Association). During the Late Artinskian to Kazanian, poorly diversified associations characterised by brachiopods, echinoderms and bryozoans (Bryonoderm Association), and sponge-dominated associations (Hyalosponge Association) reigned within siliceous carbonates of intertidal and shallow subtidal environments. This trend is interpreted as a result of climatic cooling and fluctuations of prevailing levels of trophic resources within shallow-water settings during the studied time period. While raised nutrient levels were restricted to near-shore settings during the Bashkirian, steady mesotrophic conditions arose from the Sakmarian onward and increased to late Permian times.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Buggisch, Werner Prof. Dr.
Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Joachimski, Michael Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Geologie (Exogene Dynamik)

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-09-08 um 06:08