Controlling morphology and optical properties of self-catalyzed, mask-free GaN rods and nanorods by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy

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Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Tessarek C, Bashouti M, Heilmann M, Dieker C, Knoke I, Spiecker E, Christiansen S
Zeitschrift: Journal of Applied Physics
Verlag: American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2013
Band: 114
Heftnummer: 14
ISSN: 0021-8979


Abstract


A simple self-catalyzed and mask-free approach will be presented to grow GaN rods and nanorods based on the metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy technique. The growth parameter dependent adjustment of the morphology of the structures will be discussed. Rods and nanorods with diameters reaching from a few mu m down to 100 nm, heights up to 48 mu m, and densities up to 8.10(7) cm(-2) are all vertically aligned with respect to the sample surface and exhibiting a hexagonal shape with smooth sidewall facets. Optical properties of GaN nanorods were determined using cathodoluminescence. It will be shown that the optical properties can be improved just by reducing the Ga precursor flow. Furthermore, for regular hexagonal shaped rods and nanorods, whispering gallery modes with quality factors up to 500 were observed by cathodoluminescence pointing out high morphological quality of the structures. Structural investigations using transmission electron microscopy show that larger GaN nanorods (diameter > 500 nm) contain threading dislocations in the bottom part and vertical inversion domain boundaries, which separate a Ga-polar core from a N-polar shell. In contrast, small GaN nanorods (similar to 200 nm) are largely free of such extended defects. Finally, evidence for a self-catalyzed, Ga-induced vapor-liquid-solid growth will be discussed. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Dieker, Christel
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Mikro- und Nanostrukturforschung)
Knoke, Isabel
Professur für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Elektronenmikroskopie)
Spiecker, Erdmann Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Mikro- und Nanostrukturforschung)


Zusätzliche Organisationseinheit(en)
Interdisziplinäres Zentrum, Center for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy (CENEM)
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Max-Planck-Institut für die Physik des Lichts (MPL) / Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light


Forschungsbereiche

C Photonic and Optical Materials
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials
A2 Nanoanalysis and Microscopy
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


Zitierweisen

APA:
Tessarek, C., Bashouti, M., Heilmann, M., Dieker, C., Knoke, I., Spiecker, E., & Christiansen, S. (2013). Controlling morphology and optical properties of self-catalyzed, mask-free GaN rods and nanorods by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy. Journal of Applied Physics, 114(14). https://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4824290

MLA:
Tessarek, C., et al. "Controlling morphology and optical properties of self-catalyzed, mask-free GaN rods and nanorods by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy." Journal of Applied Physics 114.14 (2013).

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-01-09 um 07:09