Systematic occurrences of malformed (teratological) acritarchs in the run-up of Early Palaeozoic δ13C isotope excursions

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Munnecke A, Delabroye A, Servais T, Vandenbroucke TR, Vecoli M
Journal: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Publication year: 2012
Pages range: 137-146
ISSN: 0031-0182
Language: English


Abstract


The Late Ordovician and Silurian are characterised by several strong, global positive δC excursions. Some of them exceed +5‰ and thus belong to the strongest perturbations of the carbon cycle in the Phanerozoic. The onset of the excursions is characterised by extinction and/or turnover events of several groups of marine invertebrates. The causal mechanisms of the carbon cycle perturbations, however, are still unknown and currently a matter of vigorous scientific debate. Our own investigations in the Hirnantian (latest Ordovician) have shown that the onset of the major δC excursion (HICE) is characterised by very high abundances of acritarchs showing abnormal, teratological forms. A critical review of published reports of abnormal acritarchs from the Late Ordovician to Early Devonian, and a correlation of their occurrences with the global stable carbon isotope curve, show that high abundances of teratological forms of acritarchs are often coeval to the run-up of δC excursions. High abundances of teratological forms in modern marine protists are commonly observed in environments with a high degree of environmental stress. In the fossil record, the challenge is to attribute abnormal forms of organisms to specific environmental circumstances. Our study implies that they are somehow related to the global carbon cycle, i.e., to carbon isotopic composition of the ambient sea water, and that they share a common extrinsic cause with the contemporaneous extinction and/or turnover events in other fossil groups. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Munnecke, Axel Prof. Dr.
Professur für Paläontologie (Schwerpunkt Faziesanalyse)


External institutions
LILLE 1 University - Science and Technology
Universiteit Gent (UGent) / Ghent University


How to cite

APA:
Munnecke, A., Delabroye, A., Servais, T., Vandenbroucke, T.R., & Vecoli, M. (2012). Systematic occurrences of malformed (teratological) acritarchs in the run-up of Early Palaeozoic δ13C isotope excursions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 137-146. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.02.029

MLA:
Munnecke, Axel, et al. "Systematic occurrences of malformed (teratological) acritarchs in the run-up of Early Palaeozoic δ13C isotope excursions." Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2012): 137-146.

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Last updated on 2018-14-12 at 09:11