Reduction of microkinetic reaction models for reactor optimization exemplified for hydrogen production from methane

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Karst F, Maestri M, Freund H, Sundmacher K
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2015
Volume: 281
Pages range: 981-994
ISSN: 1385-8947


Abstract


Sustainable and efficient processes require optimal design and operating conditions. The determination of optimal process routes, however, is a challenging task. Either the models and underlying chemical reaction rate equations are not able to describe the process in a wide ranges of reaction conditions and thus limit the optimization space, or the models are too complex and numerically challenging to be used in dynamic optimization. To address this problem, in this contribution, a reduction technique for chemical reaction networks is proposed. It focuses on the sensitivity of the reaction kinetic model with respect to the removal of selected reaction steps and evaluates their significance for the prediction of the overall system behavior. The method is demonstrated for a C-1 microkinetic model describing methane conversion to syngas on Rh/Al2O3 as catalyst. The original and the reduced microkinetic model show excellent qualitative and quantitative agreement. Subsequently, the reduced kinetic model is used for the optimization of a methane reformer to produce a hydrogen rich gas mixture as feed for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell applications. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Freund, Hannsjörg Prof. Dr.
Professur für Katalytische Reaktoren und Prozesstechnik


Additional Organisation
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


External institutions with authors

Max-Planck-Institut für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme / Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems
Politecnico di Milano


Research Fields

D Catalytic Materials
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


How to cite

APA:
Karst, F., Maestri, M., Freund, H., & Sundmacher, K. (2015). Reduction of microkinetic reaction models for reactor optimization exemplified for hydrogen production from methane. Chemical Engineering Journal, 281, 981-994. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.06.119

MLA:
Karst, Florian, et al. "Reduction of microkinetic reaction models for reactor optimization exemplified for hydrogen production from methane." Chemical Engineering Journal 281 (2015): 981-994.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-10-08 at 05:24