The fungal UmSrt1 and maize ZmSUT1 sucrose transporters battle for plant sugar resources.

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift
(Originalarbeit)


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Wittek A, Dreyer I, Al-Rasheid KA, Sauer N, Hedrich R, Geiger D
Zeitschrift: Journal of integrative plant biology
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2017
ISSN: 1744-7909
Sprache: Englisch


Abstract


The biotrophic fungus Ustilago maydis causes the corn smut disease inducing tumor formation in its host Zea mays. Upon infection, the fungal hyphae invaginate the plasma membrane of infected maize cells establishing an interface where pathogen and host are separated only by their plasma membranes. At this interface the fungal and maize sucrose transporters, UmSrt1 and ZmSUT1, compete for extracellular sucrose in the corn smut/maize pathosystem. Here we biophysically characterized ZmSUT1 and UmSrt1 in Xenopus oocytes with respect to their voltage-, pH- and substrate-dependence and determined affinities towards protons and sucrose. In contrast to ZmSUT1, UmSrt1 has a high-affinity for sucrose and is relatively pH- and voltage-independent. Using these quantitative parameters, we developed a mathematical model to simulate the competition for extracellular sucrose at the contact zone between the fungus and the host plant. This approach revealed that UmSrt1 exploits the apoplastic sucrose resource, which forces the plant transporter into a sucrose export mode providing the fungus with sugar from the phloem. Importantly, the high sucrose concentration in the phloem appeared disadvantageous for the ZmSUT1, preventing sucrose recovery from the apoplastic space in the fungus/plant interface.



FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Sauer, Norbert Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
King Saud University (KSU) / جامعة الملك سعود‎‎
Universidad de Talca


Zitierweisen

APA:
Wittek, A., Dreyer, I., Al-Rasheid, K.A., Sauer, N., Hedrich, R., & Geiger, D. (2017). The fungal UmSrt1 and maize ZmSUT1 sucrose transporters battle for plant sugar resources. Journal of integrative plant biology. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jipb.12535

MLA:
Wittek, Anke, et al. "The fungal UmSrt1 and maize ZmSUT1 sucrose transporters battle for plant sugar resources." Journal of integrative plant biology (2017).

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-10-08 um 15:23