Influence of groundwater levels on effective thermal conductivity of the ground and heat transfer rate of borehole heat exchangers

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Luo J, Tuo J, Huang W, Zhu Y, Jiao Y, Xiang W, Rohn J
Journal: Applied Thermal Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 128
Pages range: 508-516
ISSN: 1359-4311


Abstract


Effective thermal conductivity of the ground and heat transfer rate of Borehole Heat Exchanger (BHE) are two key parameters for an optimum design and planning of Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) systems. In general, these parameters are determined via Thermal Response Tests (TRT) in the field. Many previous studies reported that groundwater flow has positive effects on TRT to estimate ground thermal conductivity and heat transfer efficiency of BHEs. However, there still lack of data to clarify effect of groundwater levels changes on TRT. In this paper, six TRTs are conducted at two sites with different groundwater levels in a loess deposit area in 2016 and 2017. Effective thermal conductivity and borehole heat transfer rate are determined for BHEs within depth of 120 m. Results show that thermal conductivity increases remarkably with increasing groundwater level. The effective thermal conductivity of the ground is estimated to be 1.64 W/m K and 2.07 W/m K for the groundwater level of 35 m and 10 m depths. Furthermore, heat transfer rate of BHEs increases when increasing groundwater level. The findings obtained from this study indicate that groundwater level changes influence on both effective thermal conductivity of the ground and heat transfer of BHEs. These effects should be taken into account in BHE's design and installations in order to sizing the total length in the areas with seasonal groundwater level changes. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Rohn, Joachim Prof. Dr.
Professur für Angewandte Geologie


External institutions
China Machinery Engineering Co., Ltd.
China University of Geosciences / 中国地质大学


How to cite

APA:
Luo, J., Tuo, J., Huang, W., Zhu, Y., Jiao, Y., Xiang, W., & Rohn, J. (2018). Influence of groundwater levels on effective thermal conductivity of the ground and heat transfer rate of borehole heat exchangers. Applied Thermal Engineering, 128, 508-516. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.08.148

MLA:
Luo, Jin, et al. "Influence of groundwater levels on effective thermal conductivity of the ground and heat transfer rate of borehole heat exchangers." Applied Thermal Engineering 128 (2018): 508-516.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-05-11 at 20:50