Oxygen isotopes in the Azores islands: Crustal assimilation recorded in olivine

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Genske F, Beier C, Haase K, Turner SP, Krumm S, Brandl P
Journal: Geology
Publisher: Geological Society of America
Publication year: 2013
Volume: 41
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 491-494
ISSN: 0091-7613


Abstract


Oxygen isotope ratios of olivine have become a widely used tool for the study of magmatic systems, especially in the interpretation of source heterogeneities in mantle plume-derived ocean island basalts. The underlying assumption is that fresh minerals provide a better guide to magma δO than bulk rock analyses and that olivine is also likely to be a major phenocryst phase in primitive magmas. However, distinctions between source compositions and the effects of subsequent magma evolution have not always been thoroughly scrutinized. For the Azores samples investigated here, we can demonstrate that the δO variation (+4.84‰ to +5.25‰ Vienna standard mean ocean water) observed in the olivine phenocryst population is closely linked to evolution in the host magmas during ascent to the surface. We observe a linear, positive correlation between forsterite (Fo) content and δO in all of the individual island lava suites. This forces us to conclude that the low oxygen isotope ratios result from combined assimilation and fractional crystallization processes, the assimilant being hydrothermally (temperature > 250 C) altered, lower oceanic crust. Linear regression of the measured δO olivine values to Fo suggests a homogeneous mantle source with δO = +5.2‰ ± 0.1‰. © 2013 Geological Society of America.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Beier, Christoph PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik
Brandl, Philipp
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik
Genske, Felix
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik
Haase, Karsten Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik
Krumm, Stefan Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik


External institutions
Macquarie University


How to cite

APA:
Genske, F., Beier, C., Haase, K., Turner, S.P., Krumm, S., & Brandl, P. (2013). Oxygen isotopes in the Azores islands: Crustal assimilation recorded in olivine. Geology, 41(4), 491-494. https://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G33911.1

MLA:
Genske, Felix, et al. "Oxygen isotopes in the Azores islands: Crustal assimilation recorded in olivine." Geology 41.4 (2013): 491-494.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-10-08 at 22:55