Lithium and boron isotope systematics in lavas from the Azores islands reveal crustal assimilation

Journal article
(Original article)


Publication Details

Author(s): Genske F, Turner SP, Beier C, Haase K, Chu MF, Tonarini S, Pearson NJ
Journal: Chemical Geology
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 373
Pages range: 27-36
ISSN: 0009-2541
Language: English


Abstract


The stable isotope systems of Li and B are useful tools for the understanding of ocean island basalt genesis. We have applied both systems to a comprehensive set of well-characterised samples across the Azores islands in order to further evaluate the nature of the mantle source. These ocean islands represent the surface expression of a low-buoyancy mantle plume. The variability of Li and B concentrations and their isotopic compositions across the archipelago builds on recent radiogenic isotope studies from the islands to the west of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (Flores and Corvo). The results for both systems yield some values that are typical for ocean island basalts; however, the variability of both δLi and δB observed in primitive lavas is most extreme on the western islands of Flores and Corvo (δLi=+3.5 to +8.2‰ and δB=-3.5 to +11.8‰). The large spread in isotopic composition is most likely due to contamination of the magmas during ascent through hydrothermally altered oceanic crust. Models of assimilation fractional crystallisation best explain the variability observed on each island and allow for robust estimates of the mantle source. The implication of these observations is that the interpretation of the radiogenic isotopes and trace elements may have to be treated with care if the stable isotopes record contamination by assimilation of hydrothermally altered material and that the use of Li and B as mantle source tracers may be obscured by shallow level processes. Further, it seems unlikely that the large range observed in Sr and Nd isotopes can reflect variable contributions from recycled low-T materials such as sediment or altered MORB, since there is no correlation between the radiogenic and stable isotope data. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Beier, Christoph PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik
Genske, Felix
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik
Haase, Karsten Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik


External institutions
Macquarie University
National Taiwan University (NTU)


How to cite

APA:
Genske, F., Turner, S.P., Beier, C., Haase, K., Chu, M.-F., Tonarini, S., & Pearson, N.J. (2014). Lithium and boron isotope systematics in lavas from the Azores islands reveal crustal assimilation. Chemical Geology, 373, 27-36. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.02.024

MLA:
Genske, Felix, et al. "Lithium and boron isotope systematics in lavas from the Azores islands reveal crustal assimilation." Chemical Geology 373 (2014): 27-36.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-10-08 at 01:25