Syn-vivo bioerosion of Nautilus by endo- and epilithic foraminiferans (New Caledonia and Vanuatu)

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Seuß B, Wisshak M, Mapes RH, Landman N
Zeitschrift: PLoS ONE
Verlag: Public Library of Science
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2015
Band: 10
Heftnummer: 4
Seitenbereich: e0125558
ISSN: 1932-6203


Abstract


A variety of syn-vivo bioerosion traces produced by foraminiferans is recorded in shells of Nautilus sampled near New Caledonia and Vanuatu. These are two types of attachment scars of epilithic foraminiferans and two forms of previously undescribed microborings, a spiral-shaped and a dendritic one, both most likely being the work of endolithic 'naked' foraminiferans. Scanning electron microscopy of epoxy-resin casts of the latter revealed that these traces occur in clusters of up to many dozen individuals and potentially are substrate-specific. The foraminiferan traces are the sole signs of bioerosion in the studied Nautilus conchs, and neither traces of phototrophic nor other chemotrophic microendoliths were found. While the complete absence of photoautotrophic endoliths would be in good accordance with the life habit of Nautilus, which resides in aphotic deep marine environments and seeks shallower waters in the photic zone for feeding only during night-time, the absence of any microbial bioerosion may also be explained by an effective defence provided by the nautilid periostracum. Following this line of reasoning, the recorded foraminiferan bioerosion traces in turn would identify their trace makers as being specialized in their ability to penetrate the periostracum barrier and to bioerode the shell of modern Nautilus.



FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Seuß, Barbara Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Paläoumwelt


Zitierweisen

APA:
Seuß, B., Wisshak, M., Mapes, R.H., & Landman, N. (2015). Syn-vivo bioerosion of Nautilus by endo- and epilithic foraminiferans (New Caledonia and Vanuatu). PLoS ONE, 10(4), e0125558. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125558

MLA:
Seuß, Barbara, et al. "Syn-vivo bioerosion of Nautilus by endo- and epilithic foraminiferans (New Caledonia and Vanuatu)." PLoS ONE 10.4 (2015): e0125558.

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