The Relationships Between Volcanism, Tectonism, and Hydrothermal Activity on the Southern Equatorial Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Authored book
(other)


Publication Details

Author(s): Devey C, German C, Haase K, Lackschewitz K, Melcher B, Connelly D
Publisher: wiley
Publication year: 2013
Pages range: 133-152
ISBN: 9780875904788
Language: English


Abstract


The Mid-Atlantic Ridge south of the equator is a key region for many aspects of spreading axis studies, from biogeography to ridge-hotspot interaction. Despite this, the ridge axis had, until 2004, seen little systematic study. Repeated trips to the area since then have mapped and explored some 900 km of ridge length, from 2° to 14°S. The result is complete bathymetric and side-scan coverage of the axial region and the discovery and characterization of the first hydrothermal vents south of the equator. Such multisegment detailed and interdisciplinary coverage allows us to formulate a general model for the interplay between volcanism, tectonics, and hydrothermalism on a slow spreading ridge. The model defines three basic types of ridge morphology with specific hydrothermal characteristics: (a) a deep, tectonically dominated rift valley where hydrothermalism is seldom associated with volcanism and much more likely confined to long-lived bounding faults; (b) a shallower, segment-center bulge where a combination of repeated magmatic activity and tectonism results in repeated, possibly temporally overlapping periods of hydrothermal activity on the ridge axis; and (c) a very shallow axis beneath which temperatures in all but the uppermost crust are so high that deformation is ductile, inhibiting the formation of high-porosity deep fractures and severely depressing hydrothermal circulation. This model is used together with satellitederived predicted bathymetry to provide forecasts of the best places to look for hydrothermal sites in the remaining unexplored regions of the South Atlantic.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Haase, Karsten Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik


External institutions
GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute


How to cite

APA:
Devey, C., German, C., Haase, K., Lackschewitz, K., Melcher, B., & Connelly, D. (2013). The Relationships Between Volcanism, Tectonism, and Hydrothermal Activity on the Southern Equatorial Mid-Atlantic Ridge. wiley.

MLA:
Devey, Colin, et al. The Relationships Between Volcanism, Tectonism, and Hydrothermal Activity on the Southern Equatorial Mid-Atlantic Ridge. wiley, 2013.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2018-04-12 at 20:50