Formic Acid-Based Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis for Green Fuel Production from Wet Waste Biomass and Renewable Excess Energy

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Albert J, Wasserscheid P, Jess A, Kern C, Pöhlmann F, Glowienka K
Journal: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Publication year: 2016
ISSN: 2168-0485
Language: English


Abstract

While the production of hydrocarbons by Fischer$-$Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is a widely recognized, yet technically
quite complex way to transform biomass via syngas (mostly from biomass gasification) into liquid fuels, we here present an
alternative route transforming biomass first into formic acid (FA) followed by syngas formation by decomposition of FA and
finally FTS using regenerative hydrogen (or if needed H2 from the stored FA) to balance the C:H ratio. The new method builds
on the recently developed, selective oxidation of biomass to formic acid using Keggin-type polyoxometalates of the general
formula (H3+x[PVxMo12$-$xO40]) as homogeneous catalysts, oxygen as the oxidant, and water as the solvent. This method is able to transform a wide range of complex and wet biomass mixtures into FA as the sole liquid product at mild reaction conditions (90 °C, 20$-$30 bar O2). We propose to convert FA with hydrogen from water electrolysis--the electrolysis step producing also the oxygen for the biomass oxidation to FA--to green hydrocarbon fuels using a typical Co-based FT catalyst.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Albert, Jakob Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Chemische Reaktionstechnik
Wasserscheid, Peter Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Chemische Reaktionstechnik


Additional Organisation
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


External institutions
Universität Bayreuth


How to cite

APA:
Albert, J., Wasserscheid, P., Jess, A., Kern, C., Pöhlmann, F., & Glowienka, K. (2016). Formic Acid-Based Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis for Green Fuel Production from Wet Waste Biomass and Renewable Excess Energy. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01531

MLA:
Albert, Jakob, et al. "Formic Acid-Based Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis for Green Fuel Production from Wet Waste Biomass and Renewable Excess Energy." ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering (2016).

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Last updated on 2019-14-03 at 13:01