R3DE: Radiation Risk Radiometer-Dosimeter on the International Space Station-Optical Radiation Data Recorded During 18 Months of EXPOSE-E Exposure to Open Space

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Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Schuster M, Dachev T, Richter P, Haeder DP
Zeitschrift: Astrobiology
Verlag: Mary Ann Liebert
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2012
Band: 12
Heftnummer: 5
Seitenbereich: 393-+
ISSN: 1531-1074


Abstract


Radiation Risk Radiometer-Dosimeter E (R3DE) served as a device for measuring ionizing and non-ionizing radiation as well as cosmic radiation reaching biological samples located on the EXPOSE platform EXPOSE-E. The duration of the mission was almost 1.5 years (2008-2009). With four channels, R3DE detected the wavelength ranges of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR, 400-700 nm), UVA (315-400 nm), UVB (280-315 nm), and UVC (<280 nm). In addition, the temperature was recorded. Cosmic ionizing radiation was assessed with a 256-channel spectrometer dosimeter (see separate report in this issue). The light and UV sensors of the device were calibrated with spectral measurement data obtained by the Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) satellite as standard. The data were corrected with respect to the cosine error of the diodes. Measurement frequency was 0.1 Hz. Due to errors in data transmission or temporary termination of EXPOSE power, not all data could be acquired. Radiation was not constant during the mission. At regular intervals of about 2 months, low or almost no radiation was encountered. The radiation dose during the mission was 1823.98 MJ m(-2) for PAR, 269.03 MJ m(-2) for UVA, 45.73 MJ m(-2) for UVB, or 18.28 MJ m(-2) for UVC. Registered sunshine duration during the mission was about 152 days (about 27% of mission time). The surface of EXPOSE was most likely turned away from the Sun for considerably longer. R3DE played a crucial role on EXPOSE-EuTEF (EuTEF, European Technology Exposure Facility), because evaluation of the astrobiology experiments depended on reliability of the data collected by the device. Observed effects in the samples were weighted by radiation doses measured by R3DE.



FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Richter, Peter Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Zellbiologie
Schuster, Martin
Lehrstuhl für Zellbiologie


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS) / Българска академия на науките


Zitierweisen

APA:
Schuster, M., Dachev, T., Richter, P., & Haeder, D.-P. (2012). R3DE: Radiation Risk Radiometer-Dosimeter on the International Space Station-Optical Radiation Data Recorded During 18 Months of EXPOSE-E Exposure to Open Space. Astrobiology, 12(5), 393-+. https://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ast.2011.0743

MLA:
Schuster, Martin, et al. "R3DE: Radiation Risk Radiometer-Dosimeter on the International Space Station-Optical Radiation Data Recorded During 18 Months of EXPOSE-E Exposure to Open Space." Astrobiology 12.5 (2012): 393-+.

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