Temperature-related stresses as a unifying principle in ancient extinctions

Third Party Funds Group - Sub project

Overall project details

Overall project: FOR 2332: Temperature-related stresses as a unifying principle in ancient extinctions (TERSANE)


Project Details

Project leader:
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kießling
Dr. Kenneth de Baets
Prof. Dr. Karsten Haase
Prof. Dr. Michael Joachimski
PD Dr. Marcel Regelous
Carl James Reddin, Ph.D.

Project members:
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kießling
Dr. Kenneth de Baets
Prof. Dr. Karsten Haase
PD Dr. Marcel Regelous
Prof. Dr. Michael Joachimski

Contributing FAU Organisations:
Geozentrum Nordbayern
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik
Lehrstuhl für Geologie (Exogene Dynamik)
Lehrstuhl für Paläoumwelt
Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät

Funding source: DFG / Forschergruppe (FOR)
Acronym: TERSANE
Start date: 01/07/2016
End date: 30/06/2019


Abstract (technical / expert description):


Combined with local and regional anthropogenic factors, current human-induced climate warming is thought to be a major threat to biodiversity. The ecological imprint of climate change is already visible on land and in the oceans. The imprint is largely manifested in demographic/abundance changes and phenological and distribution shifts, whereas only local extinctions are yet attributable to climate change with some confidence. This is expected to change in the near future owing to direct heat stress, shortage of food, mismatches in the timing of seasonal activities, geographic barriers to migration, and new biological interactions. Additional stressors are associated with climate warming in marine systems, namely acidification and deoxygenation. Ocean acidification is caused by the ocean's absorption of CO2 and deoxygenation is a result of warmer water, increased ocean stratification and upwelling of hypoxic waters. The combination of warming, acidification and deoxygenation is known as the "deadly trio". Temperature is the most pervasive environmental factor shaping the functional characteristics and limits to life and is also central to the generation and biological effects of hypoxic waters and to modulating the effects of ocean acidification, with and without concomitant hypoxia. Due to the key role of temperature in the interaction of the three drivers we termed these temperature-related stressors (TRS).


Last updated on 2018-19-12 at 08:54