Investigation of Two Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray Blazars Coincident with High-energy Neutrinos Detected by IceCube

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Garrappa S, Buson S, Franckowiak A, Shappee BJ, Beacom JF, Dong S, Holoien TWS, Kochanek CS, Prieto JL, Stanek KZ, Thompson TA, Aartsen MG, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar JA, Ahlers M, Ahrens M, Alispach C, Andeen K, Anderson T, Ansseau , Anton G, Arguelles C, Auffenberg J, Axani S, Backes P, Bagherpour H, Bai X, Barbano A, Barwick SW, Baum , Bay R, Beatty JJ, Becker KH, Tjus JB, Benzvi S, Berley D, Bernardini E, Besson DZ, Binder G, Bindig D, Blaufuss E, Blot S, Bohm C, Boerner M, Boeser S, Botner O, Bourbeau E, Bourbeau J, Bradascio F, Braun J, Bretz HP, Bron S, Brostean-Kaiser J, Burgman A, Busse RS, Carver T, Chen C, Cheung E, Chirkin D, Clark K, Classen L, Collin GH, Conrad JM, Coppin P, Correa P, Cowen DF, Cross R, Dave P, De Andre JPAM, De Clercq C, Delaunay JJ, Dembinski H, Deoskar K, De Ridder S, Desiati P, De Vries KD, De Wasseige G, De With M, Deyoung T, Diaz A, Diaz-Velez JC, Dujmovic H, Dunkman M, Dvorak E, Eberhardt B, Ehrhardt T, Eller P, Evenson PA, Fahey S, Fazely AR, Felde J, Filimonov K, Finley C, Friedman E, Fritz A, Gaisser TK, Gallagher J, Ganster E, Gerhardt L, Ghorbani K, Glauch T, Glüsenkamp T, Goldschmidt A, Gonzalez JG, Grant D, Griffith Z, Guender M, Guenduez M, Haack C, Hallgren A, Halve L, Halzen F, Hanson K, Hebecker D, Heereman D, Helbing K, Hellauer R, Henningsen F, Hickford S, Hignight J, Hill GC, Hoffman KD, Hoffmann R, Hoinka T, Hokanson-Fasig B, Hoshina K, Huang F, Huber M, Hultqvist K, Huennefeld M, Hussain R, In S, Iovine N, Ishihara A, Jacobi E, Japaridze GS, Jeong M, Jero K, Jones BJP, Kang W, Kappes A, Kappesser D, Karg T, Karl M, Karle A, Katz U, Kauer M, Keivani A, Kelley JL, Kheirandish A, Kim J, Kintscher T, Kiryluk J, Kittler T, Klein SR, Koirala R, Kolanoski H, Koepke L, Kopper C, Kopper S, Koskinen DJ, Kowalski M, Krings K, Krueckl G, Kulacz N, Kunwar S, Kurahashi N, Kyriacou A, Labare M, Lanfranchi JL, Larson MJ, Lauber F, Lazar JP, Leonard K, Leuermann M, Liu QR, Lohfink E, Mariscal CJL, Lu L, Lucarelli F, Lunemann J, Luszczak W, Madsen J, Maggi G, Mahn KBM, Makino Y, Mallot K, Mancina S, Maris IC, Maruyama R, Mase K, Maunu R, Meagher K, Medici M, Medina A, Meier M, Meighen-Berger S, Menne T, Merino G, Meures T, Miarecki S, Micallef J, Momente G, Montaruli T, Moore RW, Moulai M, Nagai R, Nahnhauer R, Nakarmi P, Naumann U, Neer G, Niederhausen H, Nowicki SC, Nygren DR, Pollmann AO, Olivas A, O'Murchadha A, O'Sullivan E, Palczewski T, Pandya H, Pankova D, Park N, Peiffer P, De Los Heros CP, Pieloth D, Pinat E, Pizzuto A, Plum M, Price PB, Przybylski GT, Raab C, Raissi A, Rameez M, Rauch L, Rawlins K, Rea IC, Reimann R, Relethford B, Renzi G, Resconi E, Rhode W, Richman M, Robertson S, Rongen M, Rott C, Ruhe T, Ryckbosch D, Rysewyk D, Safa , Herrera SES, Sandrock A, Sandroos J, Santander M, Sarkar S, Satalecka K, Schaufel M, Schlunder P, Schmidt T, Schneider A, Schneider J, Schumacher L, Sclafani S, Seckel D, Seunarine S, Silva M, Snihur R, Soedingrekso J, Soldin D, Song M, Spiczak GM, Spiering C, Stachurska J, Stamatikos M, Stanev T, Stasik A, Stein R, Stettner J, Steuer A, Stezelberger T, Stokstad RG, Stossl A, Strotjohann NL, Stuttard T, Sullivan GW, Sutherland M, Taboada , Tenholt F, Ter-Antonyan S, Terliuk A, Tilav S, Tomankova L, Tonnis C, Toscano S, Tosi D, Tselengidou M, Tung CF, Turcati A, Turcotte R, Turley CF, Ty B, Unger E, Elorrieta MAU, Usner M, Vandenbroucke J, Van Driessche W, Van Eijk D, Van Eijndhoven N, Vanheule S, Van Santen J, Vraeghe M, Walck C, Wallace A, Wallraff M, Wandkowsky N, Watson TB, Weaver C, Weiss MJ, Weldert J, Wendt C, Werthebach J, Westerhoff S, Whelan BJ, Whitehorn N, Wiebe K, Wiebusch CH, Wille L, Williams DR, Wills L, Wolf M, Wood J, Wood TR, Woschnagg K, Wrede G, Xu DL, Xu XW, Xu Y, Yanez JP, Yodh G, Yoshida S, Yuan T
Journal: Astrophysical Journal
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 880
Journal issue: 2
ISSN: 0004-637X
eISSN: 1538-4357


Abstract

After the identification of the gamma-ray blazar TXS 0506+056 as the first compelling IceCube neutrino source candidate, we perform a systematic analysis of all high-energy neutrino events satisfying the IceCube realtime trigger criteria. We find one additional known gamma-ray source, the blazar GB6 J1040+0617, in spatial coincidence with a neutrino in this sample. The chance probability of this coincidence is 30% after trial correction. For the first time, we present a systematic study of the gamma-ray flux, spectral and optical variability, and multiwavelength behavior of GB6 J1040+0617 and compare it to TXS 0506+056. We find that TXS 0506+056 shows strong flux variability in the Fermi-Large Area Telescope gamma-ray band, being in an active state around the arrival of IceCube-170922A, but in a low state during the archival IceCube neutrino flare in 2014/15. In both cases the spectral shape is statistically compatible (<= 2 sigma) with the average spectrum showing no indication of a significant relative increase of a high-energy component. While the association of GB6 J1040+0617 with the neutrino is consistent with background expectations, the source appears to be a plausible neutrino source candidate based on its energetics and multiwavelength features, namely a bright optical flare and modestly increased gamma-ray activity. Finding one or two neutrinos originating from gamma-ray blazars in the given sample of high-energy neutrinos is consistent with previously derived limits of neutrino emission from gamma-ray blazars, indicating the sources of the majority of cosmic high-energy neutrinos remain unknown.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Anton, Gisela Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Teilchen- und Astroteilchenphysik)
Glüsenkamp, Thorsten Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Katz, Uli Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Kittler, Thomas
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Schneider, Jonas
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Tselengidou, Maria
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Wrede, Gerrit
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Teilchen- und Astroteilchenphysik)


How to cite

APA:
Garrappa, S., Buson, S., Franckowiak, A., Shappee, B.J., Beacom, J.F., Dong, S.,... Yuan, T. (2019). Investigation of Two Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray Blazars Coincident with High-energy Neutrinos Detected by IceCube. Astrophysical Journal, 880(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab2ada

MLA:
Garrappa, S., et al. "Investigation of Two Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray Blazars Coincident with High-energy Neutrinos Detected by IceCube." Astrophysical Journal 880.2 (2019).

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Last updated on 2019-23-08 at 08:33