Management and prognostic markers in patients with autoimmune encephalitis requiring ICU treatment

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Schubert J, Braemer D, Huttner H, Gerner S, Fuhrer H, Melzer N, Dik A, Pruess H, Ly LT, Fuchs K, Leypoldt F, Nissen G, Schirotzek I, Dohmen C, Boesel J, Lewerenz J, Thaler F, Kraft A, Juranek A, Ringelstein M, Suehs KW, Urbanek C, Scherag A, Geis C, Witte OW, Guenther A
Journal: Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 6
Journal issue: 1
Pages range: e514
ISSN: 2332-7812


To assess intensive care unit (ICU) complications, their management, and prognostic factors associated with outcomes in a cohort of patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE).This study was an observational multicenter registry of consecutively included patients diagnosed with AE requiring Neuro-ICU treatment between 2004 and 2016 from 18 tertiary hospitals. Logistic regression models explored the influence of complications, their management, and diagnostic findings on the dichotomized (0-3 vs 4-6) modified Rankin Scale score at hospital discharge.Of 120 patients with AE (median age 43 years [interquartile range 24-62]; 70 females), 101 developed disorders of consciousness, 54 autonomic disturbances, 42 status epilepticus, and 39 severe sepsis. Sixty-eight patients were mechanically ventilated, 85 patients had detectable neuronal autoantibodies, and 35 patients were seronegative. Worse neurologic outcome at hospital discharge was associated with necessity of mechanical ventilation (sex- and age-adjusted OR 6.28; 95% CI, 2.71-15.61) tracheostomy (adjusted OR 6.26; 95% CI, 2.68-15.73), tumor (adjusted OR 3.73; 95% CI, 1.35-11.57), sepsis (adjusted OR 4.54; 95% CI, 1.99-10.43), or autonomic dysfunction (adjusted OR 2.91; 95% CI, 1.24-7.3). No significant association was observed with autoantibody type, inflammatory changes in CSF, or pathologic MRI.In patients with AE, mechanical ventilation, sepsis, and autonomic dysregulation appear to indicate longer or incomplete convalescence. Classic ICU complications better serve as prognostic markers than the individual subtype of AE. Increased awareness and effective management of these AE-related complications are warranted, and further prospective studies are needed to confirm our findings and to develop specific strategies for outcome improvement.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Gerner, Stefan
Medizinische Fakultät
Huttner, Hagen Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät

Additional Organisation
Neurologische Klinik

External institutions with authors

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
Klinikum der Stadt Ludwigshafen am Rhein gGmbH
Klinikum Dortmund
Krankenhaus Martha-Maria Halle-Dölau
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU)
Medizinische Einrichtungen des Bezirks Oberpfalz (medbo)
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (MHH) / Hannover Medical School
Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
Universitätsklinikum Gießen und Marburg (UKGM)
Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg
Universitätsklinikum Jena
Universitätsklinikum Köln
Universitätsklinikum Münster
Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein (UKSH)
Universitätsklinikum Ulm

How to cite

Schubert, J., Braemer, D., Huttner, H., Gerner, S., Fuhrer, H., Melzer, N.,... Guenther, A. (2019). Management and prognostic markers in patients with autoimmune encephalitis requiring ICU treatment. Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, 6(1), e514.

Schubert, Julia, et al. "Management and prognostic markers in patients with autoimmune encephalitis requiring ICU treatment." Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation 6.1 (2019): e514.


Last updated on 2019-29-07 at 09:05