Non-magnetic chromatographic separation of colloidally metastable superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and suspension cells

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Mühlberger M, Janko C, Unterweger H, Band J, Schreiber E, Lehmann C, Dudziak D, Lee G, Alexiou C, Tietze R
Zeitschrift: Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2019
Band: 1122-1123
Seitenbereich: 83-89
ISSN: 1570-0232


Abstract

For magnetic control of cells for biomedical applications such as targeting of immune cells to tumors, cells must be magnetizable. For that, cells are incubated with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs)to take them up and thus become magnetizable. When using adherent cells, non-ingested SPIONs can be easily removed by rinsing of the particles regardless of their colloidal stability in cell culture medium. However, if suspension cells such as T cells are to be loaded with SPIONs, established methods to separate excess nanoparticles from cells are based on physicochemical parameters such as density, size or magnetizability. Thus, colloidal stability of the particles is of great importance, since only colloidally stable SPIONs can be completely separated from the cells due to their physicochemical differences. Aggregates of colloidally meta- or unstable particles cannot, however, be separated from cells due to their overlapping sizes and densities. Thus, development of an alternative method for the separation of nanoparticle aggregates from suspension cells is urgently needed. Here, we present an affinity chromatographic separation method based on immunohistochemical properties of the respective cells. A desthiobiotinylated antibody against a cellular surface antigen (here CD90.2 receptor on EL4 T cells)is immobilized on a streptavidin agarose column optimized for cell purification. Subsequently the column is loaded with the particle/cell suspension so that the cells bind to the column. After removing the particles by washing, the cells can be gently eluted with biotin solution under physiological conditions. This allows >95% of the excess iron concentration to be removed while maintaining cell viability.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Alexiou, Christoph Prof. Dr.
Professur für Nanomedizin
Dudziak, Diana Prof. Dr.
Professur für die Biologie Dendritischer Zellen
Janko, Christina Dr. rer. nat.
Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik - Kopf- und Halschirurgie
Lehrstuhl für Pharmazeutische Technologie
Lee, Geoffrey Prof.
Lehmann, Christian Dr. rer. nat.
Hautklinik
Mühlberger, Marina
Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik - Kopf- und Halschirurgie
Tietze, Rainer Dr. rer. nat.
Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik - Kopf- und Halschirurgie
Unterweger, Harald Dr.-Ing.
Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik - Kopf- und Halschirurgie


Zitierweisen

APA:
Mühlberger, M., Janko, C., Unterweger, H., Band, J., Schreiber, E., Lehmann, C.,... Tietze, R. (2019). Non-magnetic chromatographic separation of colloidally metastable superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and suspension cells. Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, 1122-1123, 83-89. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2019.05.033

MLA:
Mühlberger, Marina, et al. "Non-magnetic chromatographic separation of colloidally metastable superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and suspension cells." Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 1122-1123 (2019): 83-89.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-10-07 um 11:23