Management von intrazerebralen Blutungen unter oraler Antikoagulation

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Sembill JA, Kuramatsu JB, Hohnloser SH, Huttner H
Journal: Herz
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 44
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 315-323
ISSN: 0340-9937


Abstract

The incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients using oral anticoagulation (OAC) will continue to increase with the demographic change of an aging population. As compared to primary spontaneous ICH, OAC-ICH is characterized by larger hematoma volumes, more frequent hematoma enlargement and intraventricular hemorrhage resulting in an even worse prognosis. Specific treatment should focus on immediate reversal of anticoagulation in addition to the basic acute management of ICH. In ICH patients using vitamin K antagonists (VKA), complete anticoagulant reversal with an international normalized ratio (INR) <1.3 should be achieved as quickly as possible using prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) with additional substitution of vitamin K. Patients with ICH under dabigatran treatment should receive idarucizumab. In ICH patients using factor-Xa inhibitors, andexanet should be administered as soon as approved in Europe or within clinical studies and if unavailable alternatively high-dose PCC administration. Regarding OAC resumption, results from randomized trials are pending. In comprehensive observational studies and meta-analyses ICH patients resuming OAC showed a reduced incidence of thromboembolic events and mortality without significantly increased rates of hemorrhagic complications. Non-vitamin K dependent oral anticoagulants (NOAC) might further increase the safety of OAC resumption, which should be initiated after 4–8 weeks for patients with atrial fibrillation. In contrast, VKA resumption in patients with mechanical heart valves should not take place earlier than 1 week after ICH. Generally, safety of OAC resumption appears to be affected by ICH localization along with the presence of cerebral microbleeding, cortical superficial siderosis and cortical/convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage, making it crucial to weigh up the individual patient risk with respect to thromboembolic versus hemorrhagic events.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Huttner, Hagen Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Sembill, Jochen Alexander
Medizinische Fakultät


External institutions with authors

Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt


How to cite

APA:
Sembill, J.A., Kuramatsu, J.B., Hohnloser, S.H., & Huttner, H. (2019). Management von intrazerebralen Blutungen unter oraler Antikoagulation. Herz, 44(4), 315-323. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00059-019-4802-y

MLA:
Sembill, Jochen Alexander, et al. "Management von intrazerebralen Blutungen unter oraler Antikoagulation." Herz 44.4 (2019): 315-323.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-27-06 at 10:23