Balance and mobility in geriatric patients

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Jahn K, Freiberger E, Eskofier B, Bollheimer C, Klucken J
Journal: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Publication year: 2019
ISSN: 0948-6704


Background: Personal autonomy in advanced age critically depends on mobility in the environment. Geriatric patients are often not able to walk safely with sufficient velocity. In many cases, multiple factors contribute to the deficit. Diagnostic identification of single components enables a specific treatment. Objective: This article describes the most common neurological causes of imbalance and impaired gait that are relevant for a pragmatic approach for the assessment of deficits in clinical and natural environments taking into account the physiology of balance and gait control, typical morbidities in older people and the potential of innovative assessment technologies. Material and methods: Expert opinion based on a narrative review of the literature and with reference to selected research topics. Results and discussion: Common neurological causes of impaired balance and mobility are sensory deficits (reduced vision, peripheral neuropathy, vestibulopathy), neurodegeneration in disorders with an impact on movement control and motoric functions (Parkinsonian syndromes, cerebellar ataxia, vascular encephalopathy) and functional (psychogenic) disorders, particularly a fear of falling. Clinical tests and scores in laboratory environments are complemented by the assessment in the natural environment. Wearable sensors, mobile smartphone-based assessment of symptoms and functions and adopted strategies for analysis are currently emerging. Use of these data enables a personalized treatment. Furthermore, sensor-based assessment ensures that effects are measured objectively.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Eskofier, Björn Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Informatik 14 (Maschinelles Lernen und Datenanalytik)
Freiberger, Ellen PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)
Klucken, Jochen Prof. Dr.
Molekular-Neurologische Abteilung in der Neurologischen Klinik

External institutions with authors

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU)
Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH) Aachen

How to cite

Jahn, K., Freiberger, E., Eskofier, B., Bollheimer, C., & Klucken, J. (2019). Balance and mobility in geriatric patients. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie.

Jahn, Klaus, et al. "Balance and mobility in geriatric patients." Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie (2019).


Last updated on 2019-26-06 at 08:23