Investigation of the prognostic role of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CAIX) of the cellular mRNA/protein level or soluble CAIX protein in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Eckert AW, Horter S, Bethmann D, Kotrba J, Kaune T, Rot S, Bache M, Bilkenroth U, Reich W, Greither T, Wickenhauser C, Vordermark D, Taubert H, Kappler M
Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 20
Journal issue: 2
ISSN: 1422-0067


Abstract

Carbonic anhydrase 9 (CAIX) is an important protein that stabilizes the extracellular pH value and is transcriptionally regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1), but more stable than HIF1α. Here we show a comparative study that examines the prognostic value of CA9 mRNA, CAIX protein of tumor cells and secreted CAIX protein for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients. Tumor samples from 72 OSCC patients and 24 samples of normal tissue were analyzed for CA9 mRNA levels. A total of 158 OSCC samples were stained for CAIX by immunohistochemistry and 89 blood serum samples were analyzed by ELISA for soluble CAIX protein content. Survival analyses were performed by Kaplan–Meier and Cox’s regression analysis to estimate the prognostic effect of CA9/CAIX in OSCC patients. The CA9 mRNA and CAIX protein levels of tumor cells correlated with each other, but not with those of the secreted CAIX protein level of the blood of patients. ROC curves showed a significant (p < 0.001) higher mRNA-level of CA9 in OSCC samples than in adjacent normal tissue. Cox’s regression analysis revealed an increased risk (i) of death for patients with a high CA9 mRNA level (RR = 2.2; p = 0.02), (ii) of locoregional recurrence (RR = 3.2; p = 0.036) at higher CA9 mRNA levels and (iii) of death at high CAIX protein level in their tumors (RR = 1.7; p = 0.066) and especially for patients with advanced T4-tumors (RR = 2.0; p = 0.04). However, the secreted CAIX protein level was only as a trend associated with prognosis in OSCC (RR = 2.2; p = 0.066). CA9/CAIX is an independent prognostic factor for OSCC patients and therefore a potential therapeutic target.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Taubert, Helge Prof. Dr. rer. nat.
Urologische Klinik


External institutions with authors

Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (MLU)


How to cite

APA:
Eckert, A.W., Horter, S., Bethmann, D., Kotrba, J., Kaune, T., Rot, S.,... Kappler, M. (2019). Investigation of the prognostic role of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CAIX) of the cellular mRNA/protein level or soluble CAIX protein in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20020375

MLA:
Eckert, Alexander W., et al. "Investigation of the prognostic role of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CAIX) of the cellular mRNA/protein level or soluble CAIX protein in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma." International Journal of Molecular Sciences 20.2 (2019).

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Last updated on 2019-23-05 at 15:08