The 2014 TeV γ-Ray Flare of Mrk 501 Seen with H.E.S.S.: Temporal and Spectral Constraints on Lorentz Invariance Violation

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Abdalla H, Aharonian F, Benkhali FA, Anguner EO, Arakawa M, Arcaro C, Armand C, Arrieta M, Backes M, Barnard M, Becherini Y, Tjus JB, Berge D, Bernhard S, Bernloehr K, Blackwell R, Bottcher M, Boisson C, Bolmont J, Bonnefoy S, Bordas P, Bregeon J, Brun F, Brun P, Bryan M, Büchele M, Bulik T, Bylund T, Capasso M, Caroff S, Carosi A, Cerruti M, Chakraborty N, Chandra S, Chaves RCG, Chen A, Colafrancesco S, Condon B, Davids ID, Deil C, Devin J, Dewilt P, Dirson L, Djannati-Atai A, Dmytriiev A, Donath A, Doroshenko , Drury LO, Dyks J, Egberts K, Emery G, Ernenwein JP, Eschbach S, Fegan S, Fiasson A, Fontaine G, Funk S, Fuessling M, Gabici S, Gallant YA, Gate F, Giavitto G, Glawion D, Glicenstein JF, Gottschall D, Grondin MH, Hahn J, Haupt M, Heinzelmann G, Henri G, Hermann G, Hinton JA, Hofmann W, Hoischen C, Holch TL, Holler M, Horns D, Huber D, Iwasaki H, Jacholkowska A, Jamrozy M, Jankowsky D, Jankowsky F, Jouvin L, Jung-Richardt I, Kastendieck MA, Katarzynski K, Katsuragawa M, Katz U, Kerszberg D, Khangulyan D, Khelifi B, King J, Klepser S, Kluzniak W, Komin N, Kosack K, Krakau S, Kraus M, Kruger PP, Lamanna G, Lau J, Lefaucheur J, Lemiere A, Lemoine-Goumard M, Lenain JP, Leser E, Lohse T, Lorentz M, Lopez-Coto R, Lypova , Malyshev D, Marandon , Marcowith A, Mariaud C, Marti-Devesa G, Marx R, Maurin G, Meintjes PJ, Mitchell AMW, Moderski R, Mohamed M, Mohrmann L, Moulin E, Murach T, Nakashima S, De Naurois M, Ndiyavala H, Niederwanger F, Niemiec J, Oakes L, O'Brien P, Odaka H, Ohm S, Ostrowski M, Oya , Padovani M, Panter M, Parsons RD, Perennes C, Petrucci PO, Peyaud B, Piel Q, Pita S, Poireau , Noel AP, Prokhorov D, Prokoph H, Puehlhofer G, Punch M, Quirrenbach A, Raab S, Rauth R, Reimer A, Reimer O, Renaud M, Rieger F, Rinchiuso L, Romoli C, Rowell G, Rudak B, Ruiz-Velasco E, Sahakian , Saito S, Sanchez DA, Santangelo A, Sasaki M, Schlickeiser R, Schussler F, Schulz A, Schwanke U, Schwemmer S, Seglar-Arroyo M, Senniappan M, Seyffert AS, Shafi N, Shilon I, Shiningayamwe K, Simoni R, Sinha A, Sol H, Spanier F, Specovius A, Spir-Jacob M, Stawarz L, Steenkamp R, Stegmann C, Steppa C, Takahashi T, Tavernet JP, Tavernier T, Taylor AM, Terrier R, Tibaldo L, Tiziani D, Tluczykont M, Trichard C, Tsirou M, Tsuji N, Tuffs R, Uchiyama Y, Van Der Walt DJ, van Eldik C, Van Rensburg C, Van Soelen B, Vasileiadis G, Veh J, Venter C, Vincent P, Vink J, Voisin F, Voelk HJ, Vuillaume T, Wadiasingh Z, Wagner SJ, Wagner RM, White R, Wierzcholska A, Yang R, Zaborov D, Zacharias M, Zanin R, Zdziarski AA, Zech A, Zefi F, Ziegler A, Zorn J, Zywucka N
Journal: Astrophysical Journal
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 870
Journal issue: 2
ISSN: 0004-637X
eISSN: 1538-4357


Abstract

The blazar Mrk 501 (z = 0.034) was observed at very-high-energy (VHE, E ≳ 100 GeV) gamma-ray wavelengths during a bright flare on the night of 2014 June 23-24 (MJD 56832) with the H.E.S.S. phase-II array of Cherenkov telescopes. Data taken that night by H.E.S.S. at large zenith angle reveal an exceptional number of gamma-ray photons at multi-TeV energies, with rapid flux variability and an energy coverage extending significantly up to 20 TeV. This data set is used to constrain Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) using two independent channels: a temporal approach considers the possibility of an energy dependence in the arrival time of gamma-rays, whereas a spectral approach considers the possibility of modifications to the interaction of VHE gamma-rays with extragalactic background light (EBL) photons. The non-detection of energy-dependent time delays and the non-observation of deviations between the measured spectrum and that of a supposed power-law intrinsic spectrum with standard EBL attenuation are used independently to derive strong constraints on the energy scale of LIV (E
QG
) in the subluminal scenario for linear and quadratic perturbations in the dispersion relation of photons. For the case of linear perturbations, the 95% confidence level limits obtained are E
QG,1
> 3.6 ×10
17
GeV using the temporal approach and E
QG,1
> 2.6 ×10
19
GeV using the spectral approach. For the case of quadratic perturbations, the limits obtained are E
QG,2
> 8.5 ×10
10
GeV using the temporal approach and E
QG,2
> 7.8 ×10
11
GeV using the spectral approach.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Büchele, Matthias
Veh, Johannes Dr.
Ziegler, Alexander
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Professur für Experimentalphysik
Eschbach, Stefan
Mohrmann, Lars Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Professur für Experimentalphysik
Funk, Stefan Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Jankowsky, David
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Jung-Richardt, Ira PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Katz, Uli Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik (Astroteilchenphysik)
Raab, Susanne
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Sasaki, Manami Prof. Dr.
Professur für Multiwellenlängenastronomie
Shilon, Idan
Lehrstuhl für Physik
Specovius, Andreas
Professur für Experimentalphysik
Tiziani, Domenico
Professur für Experimentalphysik
van Eldik, Christopher Prof. Dr.
Professur für Experimentalphysik


Additional Organisation
Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP)


How to cite

APA:
Abdalla, H., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F.A., Anguner, E.O., Arakawa, M., Arcaro, C.,... Zywucka, N. (2019). The 2014 TeV γ-Ray Flare of Mrk 501 Seen with H.E.S.S.: Temporal and Spectral Constraints on Lorentz Invariance Violation. Astrophysical Journal, 870(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaf1c4

MLA:
Abdalla, H., et al. "The 2014 TeV γ-Ray Flare of Mrk 501 Seen with H.E.S.S.: Temporal and Spectral Constraints on Lorentz Invariance Violation." Astrophysical Journal 870.2 (2019).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-23-08 at 08:33