Thermally triggered injectable chitosan/silk fibroin/bioactive glass nanoparticle hydrogels for in-situ bone formation in rat calvarial bone defects

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Wu J, Zheng K, Huang X, Liu J, Liu H, Boccaccini AR, Wan Y, Guo X, Shao Z
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia
Publication year: 2019
ISSN: 1742-7061


Abstract

Copper-containing bioactive glass nanoparticles (Cu-BG NPs) with designed compositions and sizes were synthesized and incorporated into chitosan (CH)/silk fibroin (SF)/glycerophosphate (GP) composites to prepare injectable hydrogels for cell-free bone repair. The resulting Cu-BG/CH/SF/GP gels were found to exhibit well-defined injectability and to undergo rapid gelation at physiological temperature and pH. They were highly porous and showed the ability to administer Si, Ca and Cu ions at their respective safe doses in a sustained and controlled manner. In vitro studies revealed that the gels supported the growth of seeded MC3T3-E1 and human umbilical vein endothelial cells, and effectively induced them toward osteogenesis and angiogenesis, respectively. In vivo bone repair based on a critical-size rat calvarial bone defect model demonstrated that the optimal Cu-BG/CH/SF/GP gel was able to fully restore the bone defect with formation of vascularized bone tissue and mineralized collagen deposition during a treatment period of 8 weeks without utilization of any cells and/or growth factors. The results suggest that the presently developed Cu-BG/CH/SF/GP composite hydrogels have great potential and translation ability for bone regeneration owing to their thermo-sensitive properties, cell-free bioactivity, and cost-effectiveness. Statement of Significance: Hydrogels loaded with cells and/or growth factors exhibit potential in bone repair. However, they have been facing obstacles related to the clinic translation. Here, a novel type of hydrogel system consisting of copper-containing bioactive glass nanoparticles and chitosan/silk fibroin composite was developed. These gels showed injectability and thermally triggered in situ gelation properties and were able to administer the release of ions at safe but effective doses in a controlled manner while inducing the seeded cells toward osteogenesis and angiogenesis. The optimal gel showed the ability to fully repair critical-size rat calvarial bone defects without involving time consuming cell processing and/or the use of expensive growth factors, confirming that this novel hydrogel system has great potential for translation to the clinic.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Boccaccini, Aldo R. Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Biomaterialien)
Zheng, Kai Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Biomaterialien)


External institutions with authors

Huazhong University of Science & Technology


How to cite

APA:
Wu, J., Zheng, K., Huang, X., Liu, J., Liu, H., Boccaccini, A.R.,... Shao, Z. (2019). Thermally triggered injectable chitosan/silk fibroin/bioactive glass nanoparticle hydrogels for in-situ bone formation in rat calvarial bone defects. Acta Biomaterialia. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2019.04.023

MLA:
Wu, Jingjing, et al. "Thermally triggered injectable chitosan/silk fibroin/bioactive glass nanoparticle hydrogels for in-situ bone formation in rat calvarial bone defects." Acta Biomaterialia (2019).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-15-05 at 12:08